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Legislation and political discourse about ecological farming

Leduc, Gaëlle and Manevska Tasevska, Gordana and Hansson, Helena and Arndt, Marie and Bakucs, Zoltán and Böhm, Michael and Chitea, Mihai and Florian, Violeta and Hitouche, Salim and Legras, Sophie and Luca, Lucian and Martikainen, Anna and Pham, Hai Vu and Rusu, Marioara and Schaer, Burkhard and Wavresky, Pierre (2019). Legislation and political discourse about ecological farming. (NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
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Abstract

The deliverable D6.1 of the LIFT project explores what types of discourses are used in six European Union (EU) member states’ Rural Development Programs (RDP) and other agricultural policy documents and how they incorporate ecological approaches acrossthree Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) periods. This multiple case study highlights similarities and differences in the dominant discourses as emerging from national policy documents in the following selected EU member states: France, Germany (Bavaria), Hungary, Poland, Romania and Sweden. It also demonstrates how discourse analysis can be used to gain understanding about the dominant discourses expressed in these documents in relation to how ecological approaches are defined, the policy rationale for encouraging ecological approaches and the expected consequences of doing so. Conceptually, we focused on two types of discourses identified from the literature: 1) the three CAP discourses: i) neomercantilism; ii) neoliberalism and iii) multifunctionality, and 2) the five socio-political discourses of Rural Development (RD): iv) agri-ruralist, v) hedonist, vi) utilitarian, vii) nature conservation and viii) community sustainability. These types of discourses were together integrated in a model, where each policy discourse depicts agriculture as accomplishing a specific function. The theoretical framework is grounded within a political economy perspective. This means that policy develops because of confrontation between different concerned agents with different interest, pushing for different objectives. The state acts as an intermediary between these agents and aims at ensuring consensus and maintenance of agreement. Policy documents are therefore often the result of competing discourses and contradicting policy objectives. Across EU member states, the results show that ecological approaches are mainly depicted with the multifunctionality discourse with two dominating sub-discourses of nature conservation and agri-ruralism. Nevertheless, we observe an increase in the use of the neomercantilist discourse in the last CAP period. This parallels what the previous literature finds in Commissioners’ speeches: a reappearance of the traditional neomercantilist discourse in the CAP agenda 2014-2020. Farming systems (with farming practices) related to agroecology, biodiversity-based and organic farming are among the most commonly mentioned farming systems.

Authors/Creators:Leduc, Gaëlle and Manevska Tasevska, Gordana and Hansson, Helena and Arndt, Marie and Bakucs, Zoltán and Böhm, Michael and Chitea, Mihai and Florian, Violeta and Hitouche, Salim and Legras, Sophie and Luca, Lucian and Martikainen, Anna and Pham, Hai Vu and Rusu, Marioara and Schaer, Burkhard and Wavresky, Pierre
Title:Legislation and political discourse about ecological farming
Year of publishing :2019
Number of Pages:68
Publisher:LIFT
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Article category:Other scientific
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:legislation, political discourse, ecological farming
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-101493
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-101493
ID Code:16682
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:09 Jun 2020 06:31
Metadata Last Modified:05 Aug 2020 16:41

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