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Food security, safety, and sustainability - getting the trade-offs right

Vågsholm, Ivar and Arzoomand, Naser Shah and Boqvist, Sofia (2020). Food security, safety, and sustainability - getting the trade-offs right. Frontiers in sustainable food systems. 20 , 1-14
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

The United Nations sustainable development goals include eradication of hunger. To feed10 billion persons 2050, we need to get the trade-offs right between sustainability, foodsecurity, food safety, and make better use of food already produced. The hierarchy ofstrategies for reducing food losses and waste are in descending order source reduction,reusing or reprocessing surplus foods, recycle food as feedfor animals, recover theenergy as biofuels, nutrients as compost, or raw materials for industry, while as lastresorts one may consider recovering the energy by incineration or dumping as garbagein landfills. This paper will explore the trade-offs inherent when aiming at triple goals ofsustainability, food security, and safety looking at thesestrategies for reducing food lossesand waste and resource footprints. Intensification of food production and circular foodsystems could be parts of these solutions to future food security. In this regard couldour future trade-offs be informed by the experiences from the use of antimicrobials tointensify food production and from the outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy(BSE) in terms of circular food production? There is no trade-off between intensificationof food production aided by antimicrobials and the public health risks from antimicrobialresistance due to the zoo-technical use of antimicrobials.A sustainable future requirescontrol of antimicrobial resistance. If one avoids that cycles of nutrients become cycles ofpathogens and/or hazards, circular food production systems will a major contribution tothe future sustainable food security. Source reduction i.e., limiting food losses and wasteappears to the strategy most promising for achieving sustainability. By using artificialintelligence and intelligent packaging major progress is possible, with the added benefitof better control of food fraud. A changed diet—eating more plant-based foods and noteating animal protein produced by edible feedstuffs, and source reduction of the foodlost or wasted should enable us to feed at least an additionalbillion persons. Solutions tosustainability and food security should integrate food safety considerations from the start.

Authors/Creators:Vågsholm, Ivar and Arzoomand, Naser Shah and Boqvist, Sofia
Title:Food security, safety, and sustainability - getting the trade-offs right
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:20
Page range:1-14
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:Frontiers
ISSN:2571-581X
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Other Agricultural Sciences not elsewhere specified
Keywords:source reduction, circular food systems, food loss and waste, antimicrobial resistance, BSE
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-104600
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-104600
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3389/fsufs.2020.00016
ID Code:16729
Faculty:V - Veterinärmedicinsk fakultet (t.o.m. 2003)
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Apr 2020 11:34
Metadata Last Modified:20 Oct 2020 10:09

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