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Grounding IPBES experts' views on the multiple values of nature in epistemology, knowledge and collaborative science

Hakkarainen, Viola and Anderson, Christopher B. and Eriksson, Max and van Riper, Carena J. and Horcea-Milcu, Andra and Raymond, Christopher (2020). Grounding IPBES experts' views on the multiple values of nature in epistemology, knowledge and collaborative science. Environmental Science and Policy. 105 , 11-18
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Abstract

This study identifies and analyses the underlying assumptions of experts involved in the first author meeting (FAM) of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)'s Values Assessment, and how they shape understandings of the multiple values of nature. We draw from survey data collected from 94 experts attending the FAM. Respondents self-report the tendencies and aims they bring to the assessment (i.e. motivation), the type and amount of evidence they require for knowledge to be valid (i.e. confirmation) and their epistemic worldviews (i.e. objectivity). Four clusters emerged that correspond to Pragmatist, Post-Positivist, Constructivist and Transformative epistemic worldviews. This result clarifies how different knowledge claims are represented in science-policy processes. Despite the proportionately higher number of social scientists in the Values Assessment, compared with previous IPBES assessments, we still found that fewer experts have Constructivist or Transformative worldviews than Pragmatist or Post-Positivist outlooks, an imbalance that may influence the types of values and valuation perspectives emphasised in the assessment. We also detected a tension regarding what constitutes valid knowledge between Post-Positivists, who emphasised high levels of agreement, and Pragmatists and Constructivists, who did not necessarily consider agreement crucial. Conversely, Post-Positivists did not align with relational values and were more diverse in their views regarding definitions of multiple values of nature compared to other clusters. Pragmatists emphasized relational values, while Constructivists tended to consider all value types (including relational values) as important. We discuss the implications of our findings for future design and delivery of IPBES processes and interdisciplinary research.

Authors/Creators:Hakkarainen, Viola and Anderson, Christopher B. and Eriksson, Max and van Riper, Carena J. and Horcea-Milcu, Andra and Raymond, Christopher
Title:Grounding IPBES experts' views on the multiple values of nature in epistemology, knowledge and collaborative science
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:105
Page range:11-18
Number of Pages:8
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1462-9011
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Keywords:Interdisciplinarity, Social learning, Sustainability
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-104711
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-104711
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.envsci.2019.12.003
Web of Science (WoS)000513988400002
ID Code:16751
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Apr 2020 12:01
Metadata Last Modified:14 Apr 2020 12:01

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