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Novel Viruses Found in Antricola Ticks Collected in Bat Caves in the Western Amazonia of Brazil

Blomström, Anne-Lie and Luz, Hermes R. and Öhlund, Pontus and Lukenge, Matthew and Brandao, Paulo Eduardo and Labruna, Marcelo B. and Berg, Mikael (2020). Novel Viruses Found in Antricola Ticks Collected in Bat Caves in the Western Amazonia of Brazil. Viruses. 12 , 1-14
[Journal article]

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Abstract

In this study, we describe the viral composition of adult Antricola delacruzi ticks collected in a hot bat cave in the state of Rondonia, Western Amazonia, Brazil. A. delacruzi ticks, are special, compared to many other ticks, in that they feed on both bats (larval blood feeding) and bat guano (nymphal and adult feeding) instead of feeding exclusively on vertebrate hosts (blood feeding). Considering this unique life-cycle it is potentially possible that these ticks can pick up/be infected by viruses not only present in the blood of viremic bats but also by virus shed through the bat guano. The viral metagenomic investigation of adult ticks showed that single-stranded negative-sense RNA viruses were the dominant group of viruses identified in the investigated ticks. Out of these, members of the Nairoviridae family were in clear majority constituting 88% of all viral reads in the data set. Genetic and phylogenetic analyses indicate the presence of several different orthonairoviruses in the investigated ticks with only distant relationship to previously described ones. In addition, identification of viral sequences belonging to Orthomyxoviridae, Iflaviridae, Dicistroviridae, Polycipiviridae, Reoviridae and different unclassified RNA viruses showed the presence of viruses with low sequence similarity to previously described viruses.

Authors/Creators:Blomström, Anne-Lie and Luz, Hermes R. and Öhlund, Pontus and Lukenge, Matthew and Brandao, Paulo Eduardo and Labruna, Marcelo B. and Berg, Mikael
Title:Novel Viruses Found in Antricola Ticks Collected in Bat Caves in the Western Amazonia of Brazil
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:12
Page range:1-14
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4915
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
Keywords:Ticks, Antricola delacruzi, virus, metagenomics, high-throughput sequencing, Nairoviridae, bats
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105161
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105161
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/v12010048
Web of Science (WoS)000515930700047
ID Code:16899
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Protection Biology
(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:05 May 2020 08:57
Metadata Last Modified:05 May 2020 08:57

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