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Social-ecological performance of collaborative wildlife governance : the case of Swedish moose management

Dressel, Sabrina (2020). Social-ecological performance of collaborative wildlife governance : the case of Swedish moose management. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2020:30
ISBN 978-91-7760-578-2
eISBN 978-91-7760-579-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Natural resources such as wildlife are part of social-ecological systems, which are characterized by inherent complexity, uncertainty, and changes. Therefore, collaborative, decentralized, and adaptive approaches tend to be preferred in environmental governance. Despite extensive research efforts, central questions about ‘what works where, and why’ remain. My thesis helps bridge this knowledge gap with insights from Swedish moose (Alces alces) management. In 2012, Sweden implemented a multi-level collaborative governance regime to manage moose in accordance with the ecosystem approach. This involved establishing Moose Management Areas (MMA), which are led by Moose Management Groups (MMG) consisting of landowner and hunter representatives. The aim of my thesis was to analyse the effects of context and institutional design on the social-ecological performance of the moose management system. I based my analyses on surveys, interviews, and workshops with actors on different governance levels, which I combined with information from management plans and ecological monitoring. My results revealed spatial and functional misfits created by the design and implementation of the system. In northern Sweden, large MMAs were created to match seasonal moose migration. This creates challenges for collaboration because large areas require more time investment from MMGs and processes that enable the integration of many stakeholders. Functional misfits occur in southern Sweden, where land use is more diverse and several other ungulate species co-exist with moose; both of these factors adversely affected moose quota fulfilment. Adaptations are needed to overcome these misfits. I found that linking and bridging social capital between governance levels were significant determinants of actors’ perceived adaptive capacity. On the local level, perceptions of fairness also contributed, while sufficient resources and knowledge were important for MMGs. ‘Good examples’ (i.e. MMAs that achieved good social and ecological outcomes) were characterized by leadership, social capital, and innovation, which allowed them to use the available institutional flexibility to create processes that overcame the identified misfits. Overall, my thesis highlights the need for multi-level collaboration and locally adapted institutions that match the social-ecological context. The varying implementation of the governance system also created opportunities for policy learning. Forums for systematic learning across governance levels and regions could further increase the system’s social-ecological performance.

Authors/Creators:Dressel, Sabrina
Title:Social-ecological performance of collaborative wildlife governance : the case of Swedish moose management
Year of publishing :2020
Number:2020:30
Number of Pages:157
Publisher:Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-7760-578-2
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-7760-579-9
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Article category:Other scientific
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Fish and Wildlife Management
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Keywords:social-ecological system, collaborative governance, social-ecological fit, perceived adaptive capacity, multi-level governance, performance, ecosystem approach
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105340
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105340
ID Code:16944
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:04 May 2020 07:58
Metadata Last Modified:05 May 2020 13:48

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