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The history of commercial fisheries for European eel commenced only a century ago

Dekker, Willem (2019). The history of commercial fisheries for European eel commenced only a century ago. Fisheries Management and Ecology. 26 , 6-19
[Journal article]

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Abstract

The stock of the European eel is in decline throughout its distribution area-for decades, if not for centuries. Its population dynamics are not well understood. The extremely scattered occurrence, as well as the general lack of quantified information before 1950, prevents a straightforward analysis. This article discusses the history of eel fisheries across Europe, reviewing the literature published before 1940. A follow-up study is advocated, to unearth primary information in archives across Europe. In the late 1800s, development programmes were initiated in central Europe, complementing the widespread subsistence fisheries with "modern" commercial exploitation of new areas, new markets and new products. In the early 1900s, increasing fisheries and trade were reported throughout northern Europe, and new developments started in the south. This lasted until about 1950-when the current multidecadal decline set in. The eel fisheries have never experienced a period of stable, sustainable exploitation. The decline in the stock is probably not a simple case of overfishing, but a continent-wide serial depletion of local resources-eventually depleting the whole stock-in times of growing non-fisheries impacts. Consequences for the European eel protection programme and for the derivation of restoration targets are discussed.

Authors/Creators:Dekker, Willem
Title:The history of commercial fisheries for European eel commenced only a century ago
Year of publishing :2019
Volume:26
Page range:6-19
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
ISSN:0969-997X
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 6 Humanities > 601 History and Archaeology > History
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Fish and Aquacultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Anguilla, eel, eel smoking, fisheries, history, serial depletion
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/fme.12302
Web of Science (WoS)000455236200002
ID Code:16965
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Aquatic Resources
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:02 Jun 2020 07:32
Metadata Last Modified:02 Jun 2020 07:32

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