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The Effect of Mechanical Massage and Mental Training on Heart Rate Variability and Cortisol in Swedish Employees-A Randomized Explorative Pilot Study

Van Dijk, Willeke and Huizink, Anja C. and Muller, Jasmin and Uvnäs-Moberg, Kerstin and Ekstrom-Bergstrom, Anette and Handlin, Linda (2020). The Effect of Mechanical Massage and Mental Training on Heart Rate Variability and Cortisol in Swedish Employees-A Randomized Explorative Pilot Study. Frontiers in Public Health. 8 , 82 , 1-7
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Abstract

Work-related stress is relatively common in modern society and is a major cause of sick-leave. Thus, effective stress reducing interventions are needed. This study examined the effects of mental training and mechanical massage, on employee's heart rate variability (HRV) and plasma cortisol at their workplaces. Moreover, it was investigated whether baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) can explain differences in effectiveness of the intervention. Ninety-three participants from four workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the five programs: (I) Mechanical massage and mental training combined, II) Mechanical massage, III) Mental training, IV) Pause, or V) Control. HRV and plasma cortisol were measured at baseline and after 4 and 8 weeks. SBP was measured at baseline. On the reduction of cortisol levels, a small effect of the mechanical massage program was found, whereas no effect was found for the other programs. None of the programs showed any effect on HRV. Nonetheless, when the level of systolic blood pressure was taken into account, some small beneficial effects on HRV and cortisol of mental training and the mechanical massage were found. This exploratory pilot-study provides useful information for future studies that aim to reduce stress among employees.

Authors/Creators:Van Dijk, Willeke and Huizink, Anja C. and Muller, Jasmin and Uvnäs-Moberg, Kerstin and Ekstrom-Bergstrom, Anette and Handlin, Linda
Title:The Effect of Mechanical Massage and Mental Training on Heart Rate Variability and Cortisol in Swedish Employees-A Randomized Explorative Pilot Study
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:8
Article number:82
Number of Pages:7
Publisher:Frontiers
ISSN:2296-2565
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Keywords:stress, mental training, heart rate variability, cortisol, systolic blood pressure, mechanical massage
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105385
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105385
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3389/fpubh.2020.00082
Web of Science (WoS)000525723900001
ID Code:16974
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Environment and Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:03 Jun 2020 07:14
Metadata Last Modified:03 Jun 2020 07:14

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