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Do biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiments inform stakeholders how to simultaneously conserve biodiversity and increase ecosystem service provisioning in grasslands?

Klaus, Valentin H. and Whittingham, Mark J. and Baldi, Andras and Eggers, Sönke and Francksen, Richard M. and Hiron, Matthew and Lellei-Kovacs, Eszter and Rhymer, Caroline M. and Buchmann, Nina (2020). Do biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiments inform stakeholders how to simultaneously conserve biodiversity and increase ecosystem service provisioning in grasslands? Biological Conservation. 245 , 108552 , 1-5
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Abstract

Two key stakeholders primarily important for nature conservation are farmers (and their lobby groups) and conservationists. Both have substantial inputs into environmental strategies and policies calling for biodiversity conservation aimed to directly increase ecosystem services. The scientific literature concurs that as biological diversity increases so do ecosystem functions and services in grasslands. While the evidence for this is strong, the majority comes from controlled small-scale biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) experiments. Thus, it is unclear whether the scientific basis for implementing BEF relationships into practice is sufficiently evidenced. Here we explore the applicability of findings from BEF experiments to the conservation and management of temperate grassland, a widespread and potentially highly biodiverse habitat. While we acknowledge that BEF research can reveal insights into fundamental mechanisms, the saturation of biodiversity effects at low levels and unrealistic (management) treatments widely impede the applicability of these experimental results to permanent grasslands. Additionally, the integration of BEF research results into practice is considerably hampered by experimental studies not answering stakeholders' crucial questions, e.g. is there evidence of biodiversity conservation potentials? Thus, stakeholders do not have a strong evidence base for taking decisions for the addressed management goals, except intensive production in (species-poor) temporary grasslands. If BEF work is to inform stakeholders future research needs to overcome unrealistic management, missing stakeholder involvement and ineffective communication. A new generation of applied BEF experiments employing applied, multi-actor approaches is needed to facilitate the relevance of BEF research for nature conservation, agriculture and land management.

Authors/Creators:Klaus, Valentin H. and Whittingham, Mark J. and Baldi, Andras and Eggers, Sönke and Francksen, Richard M. and Hiron, Matthew and Lellei-Kovacs, Eszter and Rhymer, Caroline M. and Buchmann, Nina
Title:Do biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiments inform stakeholders how to simultaneously conserve biodiversity and increase ecosystem service provisioning in grasslands?
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:245
Article number:108552
Number of Pages:5
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-3207
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:BEF research, Biodiversity crisis, Real-world grassland management, Ecosystem services, Knowledge generation, Plant species richness
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105766
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105766
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108552
Web of Science (WoS)000532824200025
ID Code:17109
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:22 Jun 2020 13:28
Metadata Last Modified:22 Jun 2020 13:28

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