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Weaning of pigs

effects of lectin exposure and weaning strategies on feeding behaviour, performance and health

Thomsson, Annica (2008). Weaning of pigs. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Alnarp : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2008:20
ISBN 9789185913534
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Post weaning diarrhoea is a common problem in pig production. The causes are multifactorial, but most often associated with infection of pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli in the small intestine. The aim of these studies was to investigate some of the physiological and managemental factors involved at weaning. The lectin phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) is known for its growth promoting properties from studies on suckling rats and pigs. The hypothesis was that enteral exposure would induce precocious maturation, leading to a gastrointestinal (GI) tract better prepared for weaning. PHA-treated pigs grew slower during the treatment week before weaning, and in one of the two studies presented here; the PHA-treated pigs had a higher body weight (BW) gain than the control pigs in the week immediately following weaning. PHA treatment resulted in lower diarrhoea scores, a more beneficial feeding pattern and a tendency to greater feed intake. Effects on physiological parameters were shown, with a lower uptake of marker molecules, and a more adult disaccharidase pattern in PHA-treated pigs. No differences were found regarding immunological status, weight and length of the intestinal organs, the pancreatic enzyme activities or feed conversion ratio. It was investigated how pigs of different relative size (small, medium and large) in a group of 10 pigs were affected by receiving feed from a feed dispenser with 2 feeding places per pen, or from a trough where all pigs could eat at the same time. Also, comparisons were made between keeping pigs as unmixed litters staying in their farrowing pen after weaning, or mixing and moving them to a new pen on the day of weaning. Trough feeding resulted in lower diarrhoea scores for the small and large pigs, and higher scores for the medium pigs. All size categories had longer feeding bouts when fed at a trough, and longer total feeding times on day 1 (small pigs) and 5 (large pigs) after weaning. The feed conversion ratio was lower during the second week after weaning for the pigs fed from feed dispensers. The mixing and moving procedure resulted in lower BW gain compared to that of pigs weaned as whole litters, which was most pronounced in small pigs. Mixed and moved pigs also had lower feed intakes and higher diarrhoea scores (small and large pigs).

Authors/Creators:Thomsson, Annica
Title:Weaning of pigs
Subtitle:effects of lectin exposure and weaning strategies on feeding behaviour, performance and health
Year of publishing :2008
Volume:2008:20
Number of Pages:48
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI Thomsson, A., Rantzer, D., Weström, B. R., Pierzynowski, S. G. and Svendsen, J. (2007) Effects of crude red kidney bean lectin (phytohemagglutinin) exposure on performance, health, feeding behaviour, and gut maturation of pigs at weaning, Journal of Animal Science, 85, pp. 477-485. II Thomsson, A., Rantzer, D., Weström, B. R., Pierzynowski, S. G. and Svendsen, J. The effect of crude red kidney bean lectin (phytohaemagglutinin) exposure on feed intake, performance and health of pigs at weaning (submitted). III Thomsson, A., Rantzer, D., Botermans, J. and Svendsen, J. The effect of feeding system at weaning on performance, health and feeding behaviour of pigs of different sizes (accepted for publication after revisions in Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A, Animal Science). IV Thomsson, A., Botermans, J., Rantzer, D and Svendsen, J. The effects of mixing/moving and interaction with feeding system on performance, health and feeding behaviour of pigs having different sizes at weaning (submitted).
Place of Publication:Alnarp
ISBN for printed version:9789185913534
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:swine, piglets, weaning, weaning feeds, postweaning period, weaning weight, lectins, feed dispensers, diarrhoea
Keywords:pig, weaning, body weight gain, feeding behaviour, post weaning diarrhoea, maturity, lectin, feed dispenser, trough, mixing
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2143
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2143
ID Code:1714
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Rural Buildings and Animal Husbandry (until 121231)
Deposited By: Annica Thomsson
Deposited On:20 Mar 2008 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:13

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