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Two decades of forest-related legislation changes in European countries analysed from a property rights perspective

Nichiforel, Liviu and Deuffic, Philippe and Thorsen, Bo Jellesmark and Weiss, Gerhard and Hujala, Teppo and Keary, Kevin and Lawrence, Anna and Avdibegović, Mersudin and Dobsinska, Zuzana and Feliciano, Diana and Gorriz-Mifsud, Elena and Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke and Hrib, Michal and Jarsky, Vilem and Jodlowski, Krzysztof and Lukmine, Diana and Malovrh, Spela Pezdevsek and Nedeljkovic, Jelena and Nonic, Dragan and Ostoic, Silvija Krajter and Pukall, Klaus and Rondeux, Jacques and Samara, Theano and Sarvasova, Zuzana and Scriban, Ramona Elena and Silingiene, Rita and Sinko, Milan and Stojanovska, Makedonka and Stojanovski, Vladimir and Stoyanov, Todor and Teder, Meelis and Vennesland, Birger and Wilhelmsson, Erik and Wilkes-Allemann, Jerylee and Zivojinovic, Ivana and Bouriaud, Laura (2020). Two decades of forest-related legislation changes in European countries analysed from a property rights perspective. Forest Policy and Economics. 115 , 102146 , 1-16
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Abstract

In the last two decades, attention on forests and ownership rights has increased in different domains of international policy, particularly in relation to achieving the global sustainable development goals. This paper looks at the changes in forest-specific legislation applicable to regular productive forests, across 28 European countries. We compare the legal framework applicable in the mid-1990s with that applicable in 2015, using the Property Rights Index in Forestry (PRIF) to measure changes across time and space. The paper shows that forest owners in most western European countries already had high decision-making power in the mid-1990s, following deregulation trends from the 1980s; and for the next two decades, distribution of rights remained largely stable. For these countries, the content and direction of changes indicate that the main pressure on forest-focused legislation comes from environmental discourses (e.g. biodiversity and climate change policies). In contrast, former socialist countries in the mid-1990s gave lower decision-making powers to forest owners than in any of the Western Europe countries; over the next 20 years these show remarkable changes in management, exclusion and withdrawal rights. As a result of these changes, there is no longer a clear line between western and former socialist countries with respect to the national governance systems used to address private forest ownership. Nevertheless, with the exception of Baltic countries which have moved towards the western forest governance system, most of the former socialist countries still maintain a state-centred approach in private forest management. Overall, most of the changes we identified in the last two decades across Europe were recorded in the categories of management rights and exclusion rights. These changes reflect the general trend in European forest policies to expand and reinforce the landowners' individual rights, while preserving minimal rights for other categories of forest users; and to promote the use of financial instruments when targeting policy goals related to the environmental discourse.

Authors/Creators:Nichiforel, Liviu and Deuffic, Philippe and Thorsen, Bo Jellesmark and Weiss, Gerhard and Hujala, Teppo and Keary, Kevin and Lawrence, Anna and Avdibegović, Mersudin and Dobsinska, Zuzana and Feliciano, Diana and Gorriz-Mifsud, Elena and Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke and Hrib, Michal and Jarsky, Vilem and Jodlowski, Krzysztof and Lukmine, Diana and Malovrh, Spela Pezdevsek and Nedeljkovic, Jelena and Nonic, Dragan and Ostoic, Silvija Krajter and Pukall, Klaus and Rondeux, Jacques and Samara, Theano and Sarvasova, Zuzana and Scriban, Ramona Elena and Silingiene, Rita and Sinko, Milan and Stojanovska, Makedonka and Stojanovski, Vladimir and Stoyanov, Todor and Teder, Meelis and Vennesland, Birger and Wilhelmsson, Erik and Wilkes-Allemann, Jerylee and Zivojinovic, Ivana and Bouriaud, Laura
Title:Two decades of forest-related legislation changes in European countries analysed from a property rights perspective
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:115
Article number:102146
Number of Pages:16
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1389-9341
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 505 Law > Law (excluding Law and Society)
Keywords:Forest governance, Institutional changes, Property rights, PRIF, Private ownership
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105994
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105994
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.forpol.2020.102146
Web of Science (WoS)000533575500006
ID Code:17161
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:30 Jun 2020 10:43
Metadata Last Modified:30 Jun 2020 10:43

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