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Seroprevalence of Pestivirus in Eurasian tundra reindeer in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Russian Federation.

Omazic, Anna and Aurosel, Caroline and Fedorov, Valery and Hagström, Åsa and Kantanen, Juha and Leijon, Mikael and Mørk, Torill and Nordtun, Christine S. and Nymo, Ingebjørg Helena and Þórisson, Skarphéðinn G. and Reilas, Tiina and Kockum Rockström, Ulrika and Sánchez Romano, Javier and Thorarinsdottir, Rán and Tryland, Morten and Wensman, Jonas Johansson and Albihn, Ann (2019). Seroprevalence of Pestivirus in Eurasian tundra reindeer in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Russian Federation. Infection Ecology and Epidemiology. 9 , 1-9
[Journal article]

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Abstract

Reindeer herding is of great importance for the indigenous people of the Fennoscandia peninsula and northern Russia. There are also free-ranging feral populations of reindeer in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Russian Federation. The genus Pestivirus contains several viral species that infect ungulates and often show capacity to transmit between different host species. Sera from 520 Eurasian tundra reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) from Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Russian Federation were analysed and the prevalence of pestivirus-specific antibodies was determined. Seropositivity proportion was 48.5% for Sweden and 41.2% for Norway, but only 1.6% forIceland and 2.5% for Finland. All Russian reindeer investigated were seronegative. Pan-pestivirus RT-PCR of seronegative animals (n = 156) from seropositive herds confirmed their negative status. These results indicate unexpectedly non-uniform circulation of an as yet uncharacterised pestivirusin Eurasian reindeer populations. The high seroprevalence in some regions warrants further studies of pestivirus infection dynamics, effects on reindeer health and population dynamics.

Authors/Creators:Omazic, Anna and Aurosel, Caroline and Fedorov, Valery and Hagström, Åsa and Kantanen, Juha and Leijon, Mikael and Mørk, Torill and Nordtun, Christine S. and Nymo, Ingebjørg Helena and Þórisson, Skarphéðinn G. and Reilas, Tiina and Kockum Rockström, Ulrika and Sánchez Romano, Javier and Thorarinsdottir, Rán and Tryland, Morten and Wensman, Jonas Johansson and Albihn, Ann
Title:Seroprevalence of Pestivirus in Eurasian tundra reindeer in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Russian Federation.
Year of publishing :2019
Volume:9
Page range:1-9
Number of Pages:8
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:2000-8686
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
Keywords:Pestiviruses, ungulates, reindeer
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106451
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106451
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1080/20008686.2019.1682223
ID Code:17181
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:07 Jul 2020 08:54
Metadata Last Modified:07 Jul 2020 08:54

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