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Detection of peste des petits ruminants and concurrent secondary diseases in sheep and goats in Ngorongoro district, Tanzania

Chota, Andrew and Chubwa, Choby C. and Nyasebwa, Obed and Lyimo, Beatus and Torsson, Emeli and Karimuribo, Esron and Kasanga, Christopher J. and Johansson Wensman, Jonas and Misinzo, Gerald and Shirima, Gabriel and Kusiluka, Lughano (2019). Detection of peste des petits ruminants and concurrent secondary diseases in sheep and goats in Ngorongoro district, Tanzania. Comparative Clinical Pathology. 28 , 755-759
[Journal article]

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Abstract

Small ruminants play an important role in the livelihoods of resource-constrained communities. This study was initiated because of a massive outbreak of a respiratory disease in sheep and goats in Loliondo area in Ngorongoro district of Arusha region in Tanzania in 2016. During flock examination, a total of 240 serum samples and 61 nasal swabs were collected. Antibodies to small ruminant morbillivirus, causative agent of peste des petits ruminants (PPR), were detected from sera using a competitive enzymelinked immunosorbent assay. A multiplex reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction assay was used to detect four pathogens: small ruminant morbillivirus, Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae, Pasteurella multocida, and Capripoxvirus from the nasal swabs. Overall seroprevalence of PPR was 74.6%, with all four pathogens detected from nasal swabs. Co-infections of small ruminant morbillivirus and Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae, small ruminant morbillivirus and Capripoxvirus, small ruminant morbillivirus and Pasteurella multocida, and Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae and Capripoxvirus were also detected. Presence of PPR and the other diseases in this study provided insight into the severity of the outbreak in sheep and goats in Ngorongoro district. Thus, laboratory confirmation is critical for prompt and appropriate interventions to be made for control of diseases in sheep and goats with similar clinical signs. The findings also call for research into development of combined vaccines targeting common diseases of small ruminants in Tanzania.

Authors/Creators:Chota, Andrew and Chubwa, Choby C. and Nyasebwa, Obed and Lyimo, Beatus and Torsson, Emeli and Karimuribo, Esron and Kasanga, Christopher J. and Johansson Wensman, Jonas and Misinzo, Gerald and Shirima, Gabriel and Kusiluka, Lughano
Title:Detection of peste des petits ruminants and concurrent secondary diseases in sheep and goats in Ngorongoro district, Tanzania
Year of publishing :2019
Volume:28
Page range:755-759
Number of Pages:5
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1618-5641
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:PPR, CCPP, Goats, Sheep
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106449
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106449
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s00580-018-2848-5
ID Code:17183
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:08 Jul 2020 07:11
Metadata Last Modified:08 Jul 2020 07:11

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