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Costs of air pollutants from shipping: a meta-regression analysis

Gren, Ing-Marie and Brutemark, Andreas and Jagerbrand, Annika K. and Sveden, Jennie Barthel (2020). Costs of air pollutants from shipping: a meta-regression analysis. Transport Reviews. 40 , 411-428
[Research article]

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This study estimated the external cost of air pollution from shipping by means of a meta-regression analysis, which has not been made before. Three pollutants, which were included in most of the primary studies, were considered: nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur dioxides (SO2) and particulate matters with a diameter of max 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5). All primary studies included damages of health and a majority added impacts on agriculture and estimated the cost of air pollutants by transferring cost estimates from studies on costs of air emissions from transports in Europe. Different regression models and estimators were used and robust results were found of statistically significant emission elasticities of below one, i.e. total external costs increase by less than 1% when emissions increase by 1%. There was a small variation between the pollutants, with the highest elasticity for PM2.5 and lowest for NOx. Calculations of the marginal external cost of the pollutants showed the same pattern, with this cost being approximately six times higher for PM2.5 than for the other pollutants. Common to all pollutants was that the marginal external cost decreases when emission increases. Another robust result was a significant increase in the cost of studies published in journals compared with other publication outlets. These findings point out some caution when transferring constant external unit cost of air pollutant from shipping, which is much applied in the literature, and the cost functions estimated in this study could thus provide a complementary transfer mechanism.

Authors/Creators:Gren, Ing-Marie and Brutemark, Andreas and Jagerbrand, Annika K. and Sveden, Jennie Barthel
Title:Costs of air pollutants from shipping: a meta-regression analysis
Series Name/Journal:Transport Reviews
Year of publishing :2020
Page range:411-428
Number of Pages:18
Publisher:Informa UK Limited
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 201 Civil Engineering > Transport Systems and Logistics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:Shipping, air pollution, costs, meta-regression analysis
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Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000512923300001
ID Code:17265
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:18 Aug 2020 07:07
Metadata Last Modified:15 Jan 2021 19:21

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