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Honey bee survival mechanisms against the parasite Varroa destructor: a systematic review of phenotypic and genomic research efforts

Mondet, Fanny and Beaurepaire, Alexis and McAfee, Alison and Locke, Barbara and Alaux, Cedric and Blanchard, Solene and Danka, Bob and Le Conte, Yves (2020). Honey bee survival mechanisms against the parasite Varroa destructor: a systematic review of phenotypic and genomic research efforts. International Journal for Parasitology. 50 , 433-447
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

The ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor is the most significant pathological threat to the western honey bee, Apis mellifera, leading to the death of most colonies if left untreated. An alternative approach to chemical treatments is to selectively enhance heritable honey bee traits of resistance or tolerance to the mite through breeding programs, or select for naturally surviving untreated colonies. We conducted a literature review of all studies documenting traits of A. mellifera populations either selectively bred or naturally selected for resistance and tolerance to mite parasitism. This allowed us to conduct an analysis of the diversity, distribution and importance of the traits in different honey bee populations that can survive V. destructor globally. In a second analysis, we investigated the genetic bases of these different phenotypes by comparing 'omics studies (genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics) of A. mellifera resistance and tolerance to the parasite. Altogether, this review provides a detailed overview of the current state of the research projects and breeding efforts against the most devastating parasite of A. mellifera. By highlighting the most promising traits of Varroa-surviving bees and our current knowledge on their genetic bases, this work will help direct future research efforts and selection programs to control this pest. Additionally, by comparing the diverse populations of honey bees that exhibit those traits, this review highlights the consequences of anthropogenic and natural selection in the interactions between hosts and parasites. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Australian Society for Parasitology.

Authors/Creators:Mondet, Fanny and Beaurepaire, Alexis and McAfee, Alison and Locke, Barbara and Alaux, Cedric and Blanchard, Solene and Danka, Bob and Le Conte, Yves
Title:Honey bee survival mechanisms against the parasite Varroa destructor: a systematic review of phenotypic and genomic research efforts
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:50
Page range:433-447
Number of Pages:15
Publisher:ELSEVIER SCI LTD
ISSN:0020-7519
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 404 Agricultural Biotechnology > Genetics and Breeding
Keywords:Host resistance, Tolerance, Honey bee, Varroa destructor, Marker-assisted selection, Host-parasite interactions
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106816
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106816
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.ijpara.2020.03.005
Web of Science (WoS)000540870700001
ID Code:17301
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:20 Aug 2020 08:41
Metadata Last Modified:20 Aug 2020 08:41

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