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Dog Owners' Perspectives on Canine Dental Health - A Questionnaire Study in Sweden

Enlund, Karolina and Brunius, Carl and Hanson, Jeanette and Hagman, Ragnvi and Höglund, Odd and Gustås, Pia and Pettersson, Ann (2020). Dog Owners' Perspectives on Canine Dental Health - A Questionnaire Study in Sweden. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 7 , 298 , 1-10
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Abstract

Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases affecting dogs, with a reported prevalence of at least 80% in dogs over 3 years of age. However, there is a lack of studies regarding dog owners' assessment of their dog's dental health, and whether they perceive clinical signs often associated with periodontal disease, i.e., dental calculus, halitosis or mobile or lost teeth. A validated questionnaire survey was distributed to all Swedish dog owners with email addresses in the national registry (n= 209,263). The response rate was 32%. The survey questions concerned opinions and practices regarding canine dental health, including assessment of dental health parameters and dog owners' ability to examine their dog's mouth. A construct (alpha = 0.76) was used to investigate dog owners' assessed symptoms of their dog's dental health in relation to background factors. Half of the respondents rated their dog's dental health as very good. However, one in four dog owners experienced difficulties when inspecting the dog's teeth. The most common reason for this difficulty was stated to be an uncooperative dog. Almost half of the dog owners reported halitosis to some degree in their dog, and almost four in ten owners reported dental calculus. One in eight dogs had been previously anesthetized for dental cleaning, and one in 12 dogs had experienced problems with gum disease, according to the owners. Owners' assessment varied significantly with the dog's age, weight, breed, breed group, sex, and concurrent disease. Owner-related factors that influenced the assessment of the dog's dental health were age, gender, education, county (urban/rural), and whether they were breeders or not. Dog owners with smaller dogs, older dogs and certain breeds predisposed to periodontal disease assessed their dog's dental health as worse than their counterparts, which is in agreement with previously reported higher prevalence of dental disease in these groups. This indicates that dog owners are able to perform relative assessment of their dog's dental health status. Our results also highlight the need for routine professional assessment of periodontal health, as well as education of dog owners and training of dogs to accept dental care procedures.

Authors/Creators:Enlund, Karolina and Brunius, Carl and Hanson, Jeanette and Hagman, Ragnvi and Höglund, Odd and Gustås, Pia and Pettersson, Ann
Title:Dog Owners' Perspectives on Canine Dental Health - A Questionnaire Study in Sweden
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:7
Article number:298
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:Frontiers
ISSN:2297-1769
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:dog, survey, dental health, periodontal disease, breeds
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106931
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106931
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3389/fvets.2020.00298
Web of Science (WoS)000543813100001
ID Code:17338
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:28 Aug 2020 08:02
Metadata Last Modified:28 Aug 2020 08:02

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