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The cost of closed terminals in the supply chain for a potential biorefinery in northern Sweden

Berg, Simon and Athanassiadis, Dimitris (2020). The cost of closed terminals in the supply chain for a potential biorefinery in northern Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. 35 , 165-176
[Research article]

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Establishment of biorefineries for processing forest biomass in the Nordic region is extremely costly due to the high investment, running, and procurement costs. Procurement costs could be reduced by allowing all actors to open access to all available terminals in an area (regardless of ownership) and allowing trucks with higher gross weight. These impacts of changes were evaluated for deliveries of logging residue and energy wood chips to a potential biorefinery, from two suppliers in northern Sweden. Open access to all terminals reduced the terminal-procurement costs by 2-6% and the terminal-to-biorefinery transportation costs by 7-9%. When 74 tonnes trucks were used instead of 60 tonnes, the terminal-to-biorefinery transportation costs were reduced by 4 and 3%, in the current situation and with open access to terminals, respectively. However, the largest effect of open access was that the fraction of short-distance transportation to terminals and train transportation from terminals increased significantly. This indicated that open access to terminals and relatively heavy trucks between terminals and the biorefinery are preferable from both environmental and economic perspectives. Furthermore, the estimated cost saving was adequate and should allow the deliverers to pay a reasonable fee for the use of terminal space.

Authors/Creators:Berg, Simon and Athanassiadis, Dimitris
Title:The cost of closed terminals in the supply chain for a potential biorefinery in northern Sweden
Series Name/Journal:Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
Year of publishing :2020
Page range:165-176
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Wood Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:GIS, biomass terminals, wood logistics
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Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000544400700006
ID Code:17340
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:28 Aug 2020 08:05
Metadata Last Modified:15 Jan 2021 19:18

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