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Summer Farmers, Diversification and Rural Tourism-Challenges and Opportunities in the Wake of the Entrepreneurial Turn in Swedish Policies (1991-2019)

Rytkonen, Paulina and Tunon, Håkan (2020). Summer Farmers, Diversification and Rural Tourism-Challenges and Opportunities in the Wake of the Entrepreneurial Turn in Swedish Policies (1991-2019). Sustainability. 12 , 5217 , 1-27
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Abstract

Since the 1990s Swedish authorities have increasingly treated summer farms as businesses, expecting them to generate profits like any other firm. However, in addition to being financially independent, summer farms are expected to provide a number of services, to help maintain biological heritage, provide beautiful landscapes for tourists, and much more. Summer farmers are also forced to co-exist with other local stakeholders that base their activities on the same resources, e.g., adventure and nature-based tourism, agriculture, and other businesses. All of this creates a number of entrepreneurial challenges but can also open new windows of opportunity. The response of summer farmers has been to diversify activities to cope with shrinking income and the seasonal character of their trade. Most new business strategies include tourism or increasing the number of cattle rationalizing animal husbandry. The strategies have partly been influenced by policies and partly by new market opportunities. Departing from a business, spatial and institutional contextual analysis we identified five main entrepreneurial strategies, three of which are related to rural tourism, one is related to increasing the animal herd and the fifth is a no-strategy, maintaining status quo. This article analyses the reality of summer farms from a business perspective. The main questions to be answered are: How have summer farmers responded to the entrepreneurial turn in regional development policies? Which are their main business challenges and opportunities?

Authors/Creators:Rytkonen, Paulina and Tunon, Håkan
Title:Summer Farmers, Diversification and Rural Tourism-Challenges and Opportunities in the Wake of the Entrepreneurial Turn in Swedish Policies (1991-2019)
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:12
Article number:5217
Number of Pages:27
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2071-1050
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Business Administration
Keywords:summer farms, diversification, rural entrepreneurship, rural tourism, biological heritage
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107215
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107215
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/su12125217
Web of Science (WoS)000554002800001
ID Code:17464
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Swedish Biodiversity Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:18 Sep 2020 08:22
Metadata Last Modified:18 Sep 2020 08:22

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