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Organisation and governance of agri-food systems : implications of intellectual property rights in plant biotechnology

Morfi, Chrysoula (2020). Organisation and governance of agri-food systems : implications of intellectual property rights in plant biotechnology. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880
ISBN 978-91-7760-614-7
eISBN 978-91-7760-615-4
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis examines the question of organization, governance and choice of seeds in Swedish agriculture. It consists of four papers: Paper I investigates the evolution of plant breeding industry in Sweden. The results suggest that the establishment of intellectual property rights (IPRs) schemes creates power in the seed value chain in Sweden and has therefore been a major driver of mergers and acquisitions, together with changes in domestic agricultural policy as well the country´s entrance to EU. Based on nationwide survey among farmers, papers II and III examine the impact of IPRs and specifically the implications of the enforcement of Plant Breeders Rights on farmers´ choice between certified versus farm saved seed (FSS). Paper II uses transaction cost theory and logistics regression to examine empirically the governance structure of farmers choosing certified or FSS. Farmers´ assessment of the quality seed in terms of the genetic purity of each channel has no impact on their choice while personal relations with their upstream partners, investments in the farm as well as delivery contracts affect their procurement strategy. In paper III, spatial autoregressive models are used in order to analyze the transfer of “know-how” between farmers, and the spillover effects of social learning in farmers´ choice of seed channel. Farmers are distinguished between neighbors, based on their relative distance; and peers, based on membership in farmers’ cooperatives. The results indicate the existence of spatial dependence on Swedish farmers’ choice of seed channel. Paper IV evaluates the impact of farmers’ social networks on their decision to be involved in the governance of the agricultural cooperative. The findings suggest a relationship between network characteristics and farmers’ involvement in the governance that persists over a long period.

Authors/Creators:Morfi, Chrysoula
Title:Organisation and governance of agri-food systems : implications of intellectual property rights in plant biotechnology
Year of publishing :2020
Number:2020:48
Number of Pages:79
Publisher:Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-7760-614-7
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-7760-615-4
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Article category:Other scientific
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Business Administration
Keywords:seed systems, intellectual property rights, transaction cost theory, Bayesian econometrics, social networks, cooperative governance, cooperatives
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107366
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107366
ID Code:17515
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:09 Sep 2020 11:18
Metadata Last Modified:09 Sep 2020 11:18

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