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Conservation significance of intact forest landscapes in the Scandinavian Mountains Green Belt

Svensson, Johan and Bubnicki, Jakub W. and Jonsson, Bengt-Gunnar and Andersson, Jon and Mikusinski, Grzegorz (2020). Conservation significance of intact forest landscapes in the Scandinavian Mountains Green Belt. Landscape Ecology. 35 , 2113-2131
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Abstract

Context As forest harvesting remains high, there is a crucial need to assess the remaining large, contiguous and intact forests, regionally, nationally and globally. Objectives Our objective was to analyze the spatial patterns and structural connectivity of intact and primary forests in northern Sweden with focus on the Scandinavian Mountain region; one of the few remaining large European intact forest landscapes. Methods Over 22 million ha with 14.5 million ha boreal and subalpine forest and with data consisting of a 60-70 year retrospective sequence, we analyzed distribution, density and connectivity of forests that have not been clear cut, using moving window and landscape analyzes derived from Circuitscape. Results We revealed a contiguous, connected and semi-connected intact forest landscape forming a distinct Green Belt south to north along the mountain range. Almost 60% of the forestland remains intact, including contiguous clusters 10,000 ha and larger. The connectivity is particularly high in protected areas with primary forests outside contributing substantially to overall connectivity. We found gaps in connectivity in the southern parts, and furthermore low or absent connectivity across the whole inland and coastal areas of northern Sweden. Conclusions Given its ecological values, the Scandinavian Mountains Green Belt is a key entity supporting ecological legacies, boreal biodiversity and ecosystem services, resilience and adaptive capacity, which needs to be safeguarded for the future. On the very large areas outside the mountain region, forestlands are severely fragmented, connectivity values are lost, and forest landscape restoration is needed for conservation and functional green infrastructure.

Authors/Creators:Svensson, Johan and Bubnicki, Jakub W. and Jonsson, Bengt-Gunnar and Andersson, Jon and Mikusinski, Grzegorz
Title:Conservation significance of intact forest landscapes in the Scandinavian Mountains Green Belt
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:35
Page range:2113-2131
Number of Pages:19
Publisher:Springer Nature
ISSN:0921-2973
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Boreal, Forest connectivity, Green infrastructure, Landscape transformation, Continuity forests, Sweden
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107716
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107716
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s10980-020-01088-4
Web of Science (WoS)000559627100001
ID Code:17531
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology

(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
(S) > School for Forest Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:05 Oct 2020 06:12
Metadata Last Modified:05 Oct 2020 06:12

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