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Bacillus based biocontrol on Brassica

Danielsson, Jesper (2008). Bacillus based biocontrol on Brassica. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2008:40
ISBN 978-91-85913-73-2
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Many bacterial strains have been shown to mediate protection to biotic stress and promote growth of plants. Different bacteria can mediate protection in different ways e.g. by inhibition, competition or increasing plant resistance. Examples of bacteria that mediate protection to plants include different Pseudomonas, Serratia and Bacillus strains. Bacillus strains have one major advantage toward other biocontrol strains and that is the ability to form spores that are resilient against chemicals and mechanical damage. I have studied the effect of four closely related Bacillus strains on plants in two different projects, one concerned with oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and the other using Arabidopsis thaliana to allow mechanistic studies of the interaction. The bacterial strains are all classified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. These bacterial strains have been tested for phenological effects on plants and for plant protection towards pathogens like Alternaria brassicae, Botrytis cinerea, Leptosphaeria maculans, and Verticillium longisporum. Production of antifungal compounds by the strains and the effects on the different pathogens were investigated. Two potential candidates for biocontrol were identified. Both Bacillus strains were found to provide significant protection of oilseed rape against the four pathogens. The effects of Bacillus treatment on the B. napus transcriptome were studied using the cDNA-AFLP technique. Bacillus priming had strong systemic effects on leaf transcripts but small effects on roots. This far 65 differentially expressed plant genes have been identified due to Bacillus treatment, of which many seem related to metabolism. The effect of Bacillus seed treatment has also been studied on Arabidopsis. Significant protection was achieved also here using the same two strains toward Alternaria and Leptosphaeria as well as Pseudomonas syringae as pathogens. Arabidopsis signalling mutant studies showed that functional jasmonic acid (JA) and ethylene (Et) signalling as well as Npr1 were needed for Bacillus biocontrol. Expression levels of marker genes depending on these signalling pathways showed no increase upon Bacillus treatment, while an increase of the JA dependent marker occurred after Bacillus treated plants were infected by P. syringae. Altogether, Bacillus primed biocontrol seems to be based on induced systemic resistance (ISR).

Authors/Creators:Danielsson, Jesper
Title:Bacillus based biocontrol on Brassica
Year of publishing :2008
Volume:2008:40
Number of Pages:38
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI Danielsson J, Reva O and Meijer J (2007) Protection of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) toward fungal pathogens by strains of plant-associated Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Microbial Ecolology 54, 134-140. II Sarosh BR, Danielsson J and Meijer J (Submitted Manuscript) Transcript profiling of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) primed for biocontrol to differentiate genes involved in microbial interactions with beneficial Bacillus amyloliquefaciens from pathogenic Botrytis cinerea. III Danielsson J, Reva O and Meijer J (Submitted manuscript) Protective ability of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strains to Arabidopsis thaliana pathogens. IV Danielsson J and Meijer J (Submitted manuscript) Specificity and mechanism of plant protection to pathogens by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens UCMB-5113 on different Arabidopsis thaliana genotypes.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-85913-73-2
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:bacillus, biological control agents, pathogens, plant protection, brassica napus, arabidopsis thaliana
Keywords:Bacillus, Brassica, Biocontrol, Arabidopsis
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2213
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2213
ID Code:1755
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Plant Biology and Forest Genetics (until 131231)
Deposited By: Jesper Danielsson
Deposited On:06 May 2008 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:13

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