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Pupils' use of school outdoor play settings across seasons and its relation to sun exposure and physical activity

Pagels, Peter and Wester, Ulf and Mårtensson, Fredrika and Guban, Peter and Raustorp, Anders and Froberg, Andreas and Soderstrom, Margareta and Boldemann, Cecilia (2020). Pupils' use of school outdoor play settings across seasons and its relation to sun exposure and physical activity. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine. 36 , 365-372
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Abstract

Background Long outdoor stay may cause hazardous exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from the sun even at high latitudes as in Sweden (Spring to Autumn). On the other hand, long outdoor stay is a strong predictor of primary school children ' s free mobility involving moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). UV-protective outdoor environments enable long outdoor stay. We investigated the concurrent impact of different school outdoor play settings upon pupils ' sun exposure and levels of physical activity across different ages, genders, and seasons.Method During 1 week each in September, March, and May, UVR exposure and MVPA were measured in pupils aged 7-11 years. Erythemally effective UVR exposure was measured by polysulphone film dosimeters and MVPA by accelerometers. Schoolyard play was recorded on maps, and used areas defined as four play settings (fixed play equipment, paved surfaces, sport fields, and green settings), categorized by season and gender.Results During the academic year, sport fields yielded the highest UVR exposures and generated most time in MVPA. In March, time outdoors and minutes in MVPA dropped and UVR exposures were suberythemal at all play settings. In May, green settings and fixed play equipment close to greenery promoted MVPA and protected from solar overexposure during long outdoor stays.Conclusion More outdoor activities in early spring are recommended. In May, greenery attractive for play could protect against overexposure to UVR and stimulate both girls and boys to vigorous play.

Authors/Creators:Pagels, Peter and Wester, Ulf and Mårtensson, Fredrika and Guban, Peter and Raustorp, Anders and Froberg, Andreas and Soderstrom, Margareta and Boldemann, Cecilia
Title:Pupils' use of school outdoor play settings across seasons and its relation to sun exposure and physical activity
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:36
Page range:365-372
Number of Pages:8
ISSN:0905-4383
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Sport and Fitness Sciences
Keywords:physical activity, play settings, pupils, sun exposure
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105412
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-105412
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/phpp.12558
Web of Science (WoS)000527421900001
ID Code:17619
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Work Science, Business Economics, and Environmental Psychology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:29 Sep 2020 10:49
Metadata Last Modified:29 Sep 2020 10:51

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