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Immune Cell Responses to the Cattle Lungworm, Dictyocaulus viviparus

Hagberg, Malin (2008). Immune Cell Responses to the Cattle Lungworm, Dictyocaulus viviparus. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2008:37
ISBN 978-91-85913-70-1
[Doctoral thesis]

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The cattle lungworm, Dictyocaulus viviparus, is a parasitic nematode, which can cause severe pulmonary disease. Repeated natural infections result in protective immunity, and a live attenuated vaccine exists. However, live vaccines have several disadvantages, and alternative control methods are needed. Awareness of increasing anthelmintic resistance makes parasite control with reduced reliance on chemotherapeutics preferable, and an effective modern vaccine to D. viviparus based on recombinant antigens would provide a valuable alternative. To enable the design of such a vaccine, identification of the immune mechanisms behind resistance to D. viviparus is fundamental. The overall aim of this thesis was to study cellular immune responses to D. viviparus. In order to identify cells involved in development of protective immunity, mononuclear cell populations in the lungs of experimentally infected calves were studied during two subsequent infections. A large influx of activated γδ T cells was observed in the lungs both after primary infection and reinfection, which suggests a role for γδ T cells in the immune response to D. viviparus. In vitro analyses of lymphocyte responses to D. viviparus revealed that cells from naïve animals were induced to proliferate. Cells expressing CD4, CD8 as well as γδ TCR responded, suggesting that the worms contain substances with a broad mitogenic effect. When investigating responses of cells collected from immune animals, no clear acquired responses were detected. Investigations into the nature of the mitogenic components in D. viviparus indicated that they are low molecular mass immunogenic proteins with so far unknown identities.

Authors/Creators:Hagberg, Malin
Title:Immune Cell Responses to the Cattle Lungworm, Dictyocaulus viviparus
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2008
Number of Pages:52
ALLI. M. Hagberg, E. Wattrang, R. Niskanen, M. Tråvén, J. Höglund & A. Lundén (2005). Mononuclear cell subsets in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid during Dictyocaulus viviparus infection of calves: a potential role for γ/δ TCR expressing cells in airway immune responses? Parasite Immunology 27, 151-161. II. M. Hagberg, A. Lundén, J. Höglund, D. A. Morrison, K. Persson Waller & E. Wattrang (2008). Characterisation of bovine lymphocytes stimulated in vitro by Dictyocaulus viviparus homogenate. Parasite Immunology, accepted for publication. III. M. Hagberg, J. Johansson, D. Morrison, E. Wattrang & A. Lundén (2008). Initial characterisation of proteinaceous mitogenic components in D. viviparus homogenate. Manuscript.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-85913-70-1
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:cattle, dictyocaulus viviparus, cells, defence mechanisms, experimentation, immunology
Keywords:cattle, nematodes, Dictyocaulus viviparus, bronchoalveolar lavage, cellular immunity, PBMC, T cell responses, proliferation, γδ TCR, mitogen, CFSE, antigen separation
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ID Code:1769
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: Malin Hagberg
Deposited On:15 May 2008 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:14

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