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Cost-efficient conservation strategies for boreal forest biodiversity

Perhans, Karin (2008). Cost-efficient conservation strategies for boreal forest biodiversity. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2008:39
ISBN 978-91-85913-72-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Long and intensive forest management has made conservation measures in the forest landscape necessary to maintain forest biodiversity. The most common measure is to set aside land for conservation purposes. This, however, requires large financial resources and available budgets are generally insufficient. In this thesis, a set of key factors affecting the cost-efficiency when selecting conservation areas were investigated. I studied (1) the conservation quality and economic land value of three common types of conservation areas: nature reserves, woodland key habitats, and retention patches on harvested areas; (2) the capacity of retention patches to harbour bryophytes and lichens over time; and (3) factors determining what information should be used when selecting con¬servation areas, including the conservation goal, correlation and variability of different types of data, and the costs for collecting information. Two large field studies formed the basis for the studies, where data on bryophytes, lichens and structural characteristics were collected, and economic land values were calculated. Site-selection analyses were used in combination with other analytical tools to investigate and compare efficiency of different con¬servation strategies. The results showed that woodland key habitats had a very high conservation quality, and were generally also the most cost-efficient type of conservation area for the measures of biodiversity used in the studies. Different types of retention patches comple¬mented each other in terms of species composition and the variation in conservation quality and economic value was large among patches. Many bryophytes decreased in retention patches following harvesting, while some lichens decreased and others increased. The costs for obtaining information on conservation quality of areas were generally low compared to the economic land values. The studies indicate that a conservation strategy based on many types of conservation areas is most likely efficient for long-term conservation of forest biodiversity. To increase cost-efficiency, systematic selection of areas within each conservation area type should be carried out, where both conservation quality and economic values of areas are taken into account.

Authors/Creators:Perhans, Karin
Title:Cost-efficient conservation strategies for boreal forest biodiversity
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2008
Number of Pages:49
ALLI. Perhans, K., Gustafsson, L., Jonsson, F., Nordin, U. & Weibull, H. 2007. Bryophytes and lichens in different types of forest set-asides in boreal Sweden. Forest Ecology and Management 242, 374-390. II. Wikberg, S., Perhans, K., Kindstrand, C., Djupström, L.B., Boman, M., Mattsson, L., Schroeder, L.M., Weslien, J. & Gustafsson, L. Cost-effectiveness of implemented conservation strategies in boreal forests: selection of set-asides. Submitted manuscript. III. Perhans, K., Kindstrand, C., Boman, M., Djupström, L.B., Gustafsson, L., Mattsson, L., Schroeder, L.M., Weslien, J. & Wikberg, S. Conservation goals and the relative importance of costs and benefits in reserve selection. Conservation Biology, in press. IV. Perhans, K., Appelgren, L., Jonsson, F., Nordin, U., Söderström, B. & Gustafsson, L. Six-year responses of bryophytes and lichens in forest retention patches following harvesting. Submitted manuscript. V. Perhans, K., Glöde, D., Gilbertsson, J., Persson, A. & Gustafsson, L. Small-scale conservation planning for cost-efficient management of forest biodiversity outside of reserves. Manuscript.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-85913-72-5
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:boreal forests, forest land, biodiversity, nature conservation, planning, efficiency, bryophyta, lichenes, nature reserves, habitats, environmental policies, sweden
Keywords:bryophytes, conservation planning, economic land value, green-tree retention, information, lichens, nature reserve, reserve selection, retention patch, woodland key habitat
Permanent URL:
ID Code:1772
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: Karin Perhans
Deposited On:16 May 2008 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:14

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