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Genetics and evolution of the Mediterranean Abies species

Parducci, Laura (2000). Genetics and evolution of the Mediterranean Abies species. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Silvestria, 1401-6230
ISBN 91-576-5882-X
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis summarizes and discusses results o f five separate studies in which molecular techniques have been used to study the genetic variability and evolution o f the Abies taxa occurring in the Mediterranean region. In particular, the investigation focused on the rare species Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei, endemic to the island of Sicily, and the three neighbouring species A. alba (Mill.), A. cephalonica (Laud.) and A. numidica (De Lann.).
The main aim of the studies was to determine the amount and distribution of the genetic variability within and among Mediterranean taxa of Abies, at both the nuclear and chloroplast levels, in order to elucidate their origin and evolution and to shed light on the taxonomic position o f A. nebrodensis. In studies I, II and V allozyme markers were used to provide information on the level and distribution o f genetic variation among and within natural populations of A. alba, A. cephalonica, A. nebrodensis and A. numidica and to estimate the outcrossing rate within A. alba.
In studies III and IV, DNA markers from the chloroplast genome were developed and employed at the intra- and inter-specific levels to estimate the degree of cpDNA variation in the genus and to derive inferences concerning species relationships. Two different approaches were used: the first involved a comparative restriction-site analysis of ten different amplified chloroplast DNA fragments and the second involved the analysis of six chloroplast hypervariable repetitive simple-sequence repeats (cpSSRs or microsatellites). Analyses of both allozyme and cpDNA data indicated that A. nebrodensis differs from the neighbouring Abies species and justified its classification as a separate species. Based on results from studies III, IV and V we suggested that A. nebrodensis originated during the Messinian crises of the latest part o f the Miocene, through hybridisation between A. alba and A. numidica. During the warmer period of the Holocene A. nebrodensis became more isolated from both A. numidica and A. alba, promoting further divergence.
Results from studies III, IV and V agreed well with the hypothesis that the genus Abies had an Asiatic origin and then differentiated along an east-west axis (beginning in the Miocene) in the Balkan and Middle East regions. Taxa like A. alba, A. bornmuelleriana, A. nordmanniana, A. cephalonica and A. cilicica were the first to differentiate from the common Abies ancestor. Abies pinsapo and A. numidica appear to have differentiated much later, and to have remained isolated for a long time after their settlement in Spain and North Africa. The lower levels o f polymorphism observed in these two species appear to be a consequence of genetic drift due to isolation and small population size.

Authors/Creators:Parducci, Laura
Title:Genetics and evolution of the Mediterranean Abies species
Year of publishing :2000
Number:148
Number of Pages:40
ISBN for printed version:91-576-5882-X
ISSN:1401-6230
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Article category:Other scientific
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:Abies, allozyme, chloroplast DNA, mating system, variation, migration and evolution
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107954
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107954
ID Code:17744
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:07 Oct 2020 12:08
Metadata Last Modified:07 Oct 2020 12:11

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