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Pesticide Residues in Peri-Urban Bovine Milk from India and Risk Assessment: A Multicenter Study

Gill, J. P. S. and Bedi, J. S. and Singh, Randhir and Fairoze, Mohd Nadeem and Hazarika, R. A. and Gaurav, Abhishek and Satpathy, Sudhir Kumar and Chauhan, Abhimanyu Singh and Lindahl, Johanna and Grace, Delia and Kumar, Amit and Kakkar, Manish (2020). Pesticide Residues in Peri-Urban Bovine Milk from India and Risk Assessment: A Multicenter Study. Scientific Reports. 10 , 8054
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Abstract

Pesticides residue poses serious concerns to human health. The present study was carried out to determine the pesticide residues of peri-urban bovine milk (n=1183) from five different sites (Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Guwahati, Ludhiana and Udaipur) in India and dietary exposure risk assessment to adults and children. Pesticide residues were estimated using gas chromatography with flame thermionic and electron capture detectors followed by confirmation on gas chromatography-mass spectrometer. The results noticed the contamination of milk with hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), dichloro-diphenyl trichloroethane (DDT), endosulfan, cypermethrin, cyhalothrin, permethrin, chlorpyrifos, ethion and profenophos pesticides. The residue levels in some of the milk samples were observed to be higher than the respective maximum residue limits (MRLs) for pesticide. Milk samples contamination was found highest in Bhubaneswar (11.2%) followed by Bangalore (9.3%), Ludhiana (6.9%), Udaipur (6.4%) and Guwahati (6.3%). The dietary risk assessment of pesticides under two scenarios i.e. lower-bound scenario (LB) and upper-bound (UB) revealed that daily intake of pesticides was substantially below the prescribed acceptable daily intake except for fipronil in children at UB. The non-cancer risk by estimation of hazard index (HI) was found to be below the target value of one in adults at all five sites in India. However, for children at the UB level, the HI for lindane, DDT and ethion exceeded the value of one in Ludhiana and Udaipur. Cancer risk for adults was found to be in the recommended range of United States environment protection agency (USEPA), while it exceeded the USEPA values for children.

Authors/Creators:Gill, J. P. S. and Bedi, J. S. and Singh, Randhir and Fairoze, Mohd Nadeem and Hazarika, R. A. and Gaurav, Abhishek and Satpathy, Sudhir Kumar and Chauhan, Abhimanyu Singh and Lindahl, Johanna and Grace, Delia and Kumar, Amit and Kakkar, Manish
Title:Pesticide Residues in Peri-Urban Bovine Milk from India and Risk Assessment: A Multicenter Study
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:10
Article number:8054
Number of Pages:11
ISSN:2045-2322
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107906
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107906
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1038/s41598-020-65030-z
Web of Science (WoS)000562208900011
ID Code:17799
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Oct 2020 07:38
Metadata Last Modified:14 Oct 2020 07:41

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