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A latent class analysis of food hygiene and handling practices among urban and peri-urban residents in Hyderabad, India

Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan and Abouhatab, Assem and Nedumaran, Swamikannu and Padmaja, Ravula (2021). A latent class analysis of food hygiene and handling practices among urban and peri-urban residents in Hyderabad, India. Food Control. 121 , 107677
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Abstract

In developing countries, food-borne diseases, attributable to lack of, or inappropriate, food hygiene and handling practices at home, are expected to increase due to a rapid growth in the consumption of fats and animal source foods. The context-specific and situational practices corresponding to underlying traits of food hygiene and handling practices for home-cooked food were investigated for a set of 662 randomly selected households in Hyderabad, India. Results indicate that about one-third of the households lack access to a refrigerator. Of those with a refrigerator, a majority (83%) had the temperature set at medium, with an actual temperature ranging from 8 to 11 °C. Results also show that smell, followed by food appearance rather than taste or labelled expiry dates were used as the main criteria for edibility. Furthermore, six indicators related to handling, storage and cooking non-vegetarian food and three indicators related to storage of the cooked food were assessed. For households with a refrigerator, the latent class analysis identified three exclusive and exhaustive subgroups of households representing the heterogeneity of handling and hygiene traits, while two subgroups were identified for households not having a refrigerator. Only a small proportion of households (12.6%) with a refrigerator were profiled as having adequate and consistent practices. Remaining subgroups revealed substantial within-group variations in terms of consistency in certain behaviors. Next, latent class modelling with covariates related to socio-demographic, socio-economic, socio-spatial variables and health or dietary outcomes showed that having higher than a primary school education, having a high percentage of food expenditure, or non-optimal refrigerator temperature were predictive of the latent class with more adequate practices. For households without a refrigerator, five covariates related to social class, age, income, and obesity distinguished the latent classes. These findings of latent trait-specific behaviors have implications for actions aiming to inform and direct behavioral change interventions on food safety practices in the developing countries.

Authors/Creators:Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan and Abouhatab, Assem and Nedumaran, Swamikannu and Padmaja, Ravula
Title:A latent class analysis of food hygiene and handling practices among urban and peri-urban residents in Hyderabad, India
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:121
Article number:107677
Number of Pages:9
ISSN:0956-7135
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Food Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:Developing countries, Food-borne diseases, Food safety, Food risks, Food storage, Meat
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-108153
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-108153
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.foodcont.2020.107677
ID Code:17846
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:19 Oct 2020 17:20
Metadata Last Modified:20 Oct 2020 05:01

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