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Optimal calibration in immunoassay and inference on the coefficient of variation

Forkman, Johannes (2008). Optimal calibration in immunoassay and inference on the coefficient of variation. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2008:80
ISBN 978-91-86195-13-7
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis examines and develops statistical methods for design and analysis with applications in immunoassay and other analytical techniques. In immunoassay, concentrations of components in clinical samples are measured using antibodies. The responses obtained are related to the concentrations in the samples. The relationship between response and concentration is established by fitting a calibration curve to responses of samples with known concentrations, called calibrators or standards. The concentrations in the clinical samples are estimated, through the calibration curve, by inverse prediction. The optimal choice of calibrator concentrations is dependent on the true relationship between response and concentration. A locally optimal design is conditioned on a given true relationship. This thesis presents a novel method that accounts for the variation in the true relationships by considering unconditional variances and expected values. For immunoassay, it is suggested that the average coefficient of variation in inverse predictions be minimised. In immunoassay, the coefficient of variation is the most common measure of variability. Several clinical samples or calibrators may share the same coefficient of variation, although they have different expected values. It is shown here that this phenomenon can be a consequence of a random variation in the dispensed volumes, and that inverse regression is appropriate when the random variation is in concentration rather than in response. An estimator of a common coefficient of variation that is shared by several clinical samples is proposed, and inferential methods are developed for common coefficients of variation in normally distributed data. These methods are based on McKay's chi-square approximation for the coefficient of variation. This study proves that McKay's approximation is noncentral beta distributed, and that it is asymptotically normal with mean n - 1 and variance slightly smaller than 2(n - 1).

Authors/Creators:Forkman, Johannes
Title:Optimal calibration in immunoassay and inference on the coefficient of variation
Year of publishing :2008
Volume:2008:80
Number of Pages:61
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Forkman, J. A method for designing nonlinear univariate calibration. Technometrics. In press. II. Forkman, J. & Söderström, L. (2008). Calibration in immunoassay with proportional errors. Centre of Biostochastics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Research Report 2008:10. III. Forkman, J. Estimator and tests for common coefficients of variation in normal distributions. Communications in Statistics – Theory and Methods. In press. IV. Forkman, J. & Verrill, S. (2008). The distribution of McKay's approximation for the coefficient of variation. Statistics & Probability Letters 78, 10-14.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-86195-13-7
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:immunological techniques, analytical methods, standardizing, statistical methods
Keywords:calibration, coefficient of variation, four-parameter logistic function, immunoassay, inverse prediction, inverse regression, McKay's approximation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2585
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2585
ID Code:1857
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: Johannes Forkman
Deposited On:27 Oct 2008 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:14

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