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Organic pig meat production

nutrient supply, behaviour and health

Høøk Presto, Magdalena (2008). Organic pig meat production. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2008:97
ISBN 978-91-86195-30-4
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The aim of this thesis was to investigate the influence of dietary amino acid levels in a low-energy diet provided ad libitum on performance, carcass quality, behaviour and health of organic growing/finishing pigs in outdoor and indoor production systems. 192 piglets born outdoors were transferred to either a pen indoors (I) or a pasture outdoors (O). The pigs were allocated to six treatments (IR, IR-7, IR-14 and OR, OR-7, OR-14) with diets containing different amino acid levels. R was in accordance with the Swedish norm, R-7 and R-14 contained 7 and 14% lower levels than the norm. The aim was also to determine whether additional roughage and access to outdoor areas affect activity behaviour and reduce aggression level among organic growing/finishing pigs. A total of 515 pigs in indoor housing systems with access to concrete outdoor runs were studied. The pigs were allocated to either a control treatment or one of three treatments with access to additional roughages in the outdoor run: hay, grass silage or whole crop barley silage. Furthermore, the objective was to provide data on nutritional properties of some alternative organic protein feed resources. A 4-period changeover digestibility trial included pigs fitted with a post valve t-caecum cannula. The dietary treatments were faba bean and cake from hempseed, linseed and rapeseed. The results showed that production system, rather than dietary amino acid level, affected pig performance and carcass quality and that pigs seem able to tolerate lower amino acid levels than the Swedish norm if fed ad libitum. The prevalence of erysipelas infections was higher in outdoor pigs and Ascaris suum infections were present in both production systems. Access to roughage and outdoor areas allowed pigs to express highly motivated natural behaviours, such as foraging, rooting and exploring, which generally resulted in a higher activity level. Roughage played an important role in occupying the pigs and reduced aggressions between the pigs. The alternative protein feed resources had satisfactory digestibility values and might have the potential to be used to a greater extent in the formulation of organic pig diets.

Authors/Creators:Høøk Presto, Magdalena
Title:Organic pig meat production
Subtitle:nutrient supply, behaviour and health
Year of publishing :2008
Volume:2008:97
Number of Pages:65
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Høøk Presto, M., Andersson, H.K., Wallgren, P. & Lindberg, J.E. 2007. Influence of dietary amino acid level on performance, carcass quality and health of organic pigs reared indoors and outdoors. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section A. Animal Science 57, 61-72. II. Høøk Presto, M., Andersson H.K., Folestam, S. & Lindberg, J.E. 2008. Activity behavior and social interactions of pigs raised outdoors and indoors. Archives of animal breeding 51 (4), 338-350. III. Høøk Presto, M., Algers, B., Persson, E. & Andersson, H.K. (2008). Different roughages to organic growing/finishing pigs - influence on activity behaviour and social interactions. Livestock Science, (Accepted). IV. Høøk Presto, M., Lyberg, K. & Lindberg, J.E. Digestibility of organically cultivated white-flowering faba bean (Vicia faba) and cake from cold-pressed rapeseed (Brassica napus), linseed (Linum usitatissimum) and hempseed (Cannabis sativa) in growing pigs.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-86195-30-4
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:swine, amino acids, diet, roughage, behaviour, animal performance, carcass composition, animal health, meat production, alternative agriculture
Keywords:Amino acid, Active behaviour, Carcass quality, Digestibility, Erysipelas, Outdoor, Organic, Parasites, Performance, Pig, Roughage, Social interactions
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2615
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2615
ID Code:1890
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Deposited By: Magdalena Høøk Presto
Deposited On:18 Nov 2008 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:15

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