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Forest Biodiversity, Carbon Sequestration, and Wood Production: Modeling Synergies and Trade-Offs for Ten Forest Landscapes Across Europe

Biber, Peter and Felton, Adam and Nieuwenhuis, Maarten and Lindbladh, Matts and Bahyl, Jan and Bingol, Ozkan and Black, Kevin and Borges, Jose G. and Botequim, Brigite and Brukas, Vilis and Bugalho, Miguel N. and Corradini, Giulia and Eriksson, Ljusk Ola and Forsell, Nicklas and Hengeveld, Geerten M. and Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke A. and Kadiogullari, Ali Ihsan and Karahalil, Uzay and Lodin, Isak and Lundholm, Anders and Makrickiene, Ekaterina and Masiero, Mauro and Mozgeris, Gintautas and Pivoriunas, Nerijus and Poschenrieder, Werner and Pretzsch, Hans and Sedmak, Robert and Tucek, Jan (2020). Forest Biodiversity, Carbon Sequestration, and Wood Production: Modeling Synergies and Trade-Offs for Ten Forest Landscapes Across Europe. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 8 , 547696
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Abstract

Europe's forests provide vital habitat for biodiversity and essential ecosystem services whose provision must be sustained or enhanced over the coming century. However, the potential to secure or increase forest ecosystem services, while securing the habitat requirements of taxa remains unclear, especially within the context of uncertain climate and socio-economic developments. To tease out the associated trade-offs and synergies, we used 10 case study landscapes within nine countries throughout Europe. Starting with the current status of the forests in the case study landscapes, we simulated forest development 100 years into the future. Simulations were embedded in three combined climate and socio-economic frame scenarios based on global and European policies which varied in their climate change mitigation efficiency. Scenarios were translated into country specific projections of climate variables, and resultant demands for wood products. Forest management regimes were projected to vary in response to these scenarios at local scales. The specific combinations of alternative forest management practices were based on parallel research and input from local forest stakeholders. For each case study, a specific forest growth simulator was used. In general, the climate scenarios applied did not cause fundamentally different ecosystem service outputs at the case study level. Our results revealed almost no reduction in outcomes for biodiversity indicators with an increase in wood production, and in some cases synergistic results occurred when diversity was actively promoted as part of the management concept. Net carbon uptake was not strongly correlated with biodiversity, indicating that biodiversity-friendly forest management doesn't need to curtail carbon sequestration. Notably, we obtained heterogeneous results for the relation between sustainable wood production and net carbon uptake. Most scenarios resulted in a more or less reduced net carbon uptake over the long term, often due to stand age class distribution shifts. Levels of sustainable wood production varied widely during the simulation period, from significant increases (Sweden, Lithuania) to minor changes (Slovakia, Turkey) and slight decreases (Ireland, Netherlands). We place our results within the larger context of European forest policy and the challenges of simulating and contrasting forest biodiversity and the ecosystem services that societies depend on.

Authors/Creators:Biber, Peter and Felton, Adam and Nieuwenhuis, Maarten and Lindbladh, Matts and Bahyl, Jan and Bingol, Ozkan and Black, Kevin and Borges, Jose G. and Botequim, Brigite and Brukas, Vilis and Bugalho, Miguel N. and Corradini, Giulia and Eriksson, Ljusk Ola and Forsell, Nicklas and Hengeveld, Geerten M. and Hoogstra-Klein, Marjanke A. and Kadiogullari, Ali Ihsan and Karahalil, Uzay and Lodin, Isak and Lundholm, Anders and Makrickiene, Ekaterina and Masiero, Mauro and Mozgeris, Gintautas and Pivoriunas, Nerijus and Poschenrieder, Werner and Pretzsch, Hans and Sedmak, Robert and Tucek, Jan
Title:Forest Biodiversity, Carbon Sequestration, and Wood Production: Modeling Synergies and Trade-Offs for Ten Forest Landscapes Across Europe
Series Name/Journal:Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:8
Article number:547696
Number of Pages:21
Publisher:FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
ISSN:2296-701X
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:ecosystem services, biodiversity, wood production, carbon sequestration, forest management, sustainability, simulation, Europe
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109028
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109028
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3389/fevo.2020.547696
Web of Science (WoS)000584777900001
ID Code:19107
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:04 Dec 2020 10:03
Metadata Last Modified:15 Jan 2021 19:19

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