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Implementering av miljöbedömningar i Sverige

från EG-direktiv till kommunal översiktlig planering

Åkerskog, Ann (2009). Implementering av miljöbedömningar i Sverige. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2009:2
ISBN 978-91-86195-49-6
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The European Union (EU) Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment (hereafter called the SEA-directive) that came into effect on 21 July in 2001 has started a policy implementation process in the 27 member states. In Sweden the spatial planning in municipalities and their comprehensive planning activities will be a major arena for implementing the SEA directive. The aim of the thesis is to investigate the planning practice emanating from the implementation of the SEA-directive into Swedish municipal planning. The aim is also to shed light on SEA as a steering tool for change. The results from the discourse analysis of the policy expectations of the SEA implementation as expressed in the preparatory works to the law picture a national SEA discourse that wants to above all promote efficiency in the municipal comprehensive planning processes. The message from the discourse is however contradictory. On the one hand a no change picture is outlined on the other hand is outlined major benefits for planning. In relation to sustainable development the role of SEA is down sized. Another study shows how the implementing officers at the local authorities perceive the coming change when SEA is introduced into Swedish municipal comprehensive planning. They foresee difficulties with financing the extra work, new personnel and education, with a greater need for inter-and intra organisational communication, difficulties with political climate and economic environment, as complications with tiering, since the Swedish planning system is not particularly tiered at present. The implementers also have difficulties in understanding the purpose of SEA and how to tackle contradicting objectives, such as more consultations and faster planning processes. The above brief description leads to questions relating to what kind of implementation that will be the results of this situation? In 2007 twelve municipalities, out of a total of 290 had made their first attempts to implement the SEA directive as part of municipal comprehensive plans (MCP). First results or policy outcomes can thus be explored. The main focus of this study is the planning documents, including the environmental report (ER), as they represent the written part of the planning process and the results of the local SEA practice. The empirical focus of the main empirical study are the contents of the SEAs in 24 plans made before the introduction of the SEA directive and the contents of the first 12 municipal comprehensive plans that have implemented the Swedish SEA legislation based on the SEA directive. The result is a change in perspective towards more specific environmental issues in the later plans as compared to the ones made before the demands of SEA. The transparency of consultation has increased and consultations with the County Administrative Board have been held by many of municipalities. By taking a policy implementation perspective, the importance of context is made obvious, for the role that SEA implementation can take and what space for action the implementers have in developing their SEA-practice. The discourse perspective helped to “uncover” and display the character of the governments SEA discourse and thus also to, in more detail, outline the discursive governmental input to change of planning and SEA practice in the municipalities.

Authors/Creators:Åkerskog, Ann
Title:Implementering av miljöbedömningar i Sverige
Subtitle:från EG-direktiv till kommunal översiktlig planering
Year of publishing :2009
Volume:2009:2
Number of Pages:90
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Bjarnadottir, H. och Åkerskog, A.(2003). Sustainable development and the role of SEA in municipal comprehensive planning in Sweden. I hilding rydevik, T.(red) Environmental assessment of plans and programs. Nordregio R2003:4, S117-150, Stockholm II. Hilding-Rydevik, T. och Åkerskog, A.(2008). Speaking with a double tongue - Swedish govenrmental SEA discourse and the emergence of a local SEA practice.(submitted) III. Åkerskog, A. och Berglund, U.(2008). Street-level bureaucrats' readiness for implementing SEA in Swedish municipal comprehensive planning.(submitted) IV. Åkerskog, A.(2008). SEA in spatial planning documents in Sweden - outcomes of the early implementation of the EU SEA-directive. (manuscript)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-86195-49-6
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:Swedish
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:environmental impact assessment, regional planning, local government, environmental policies, sustainability, decision making, environmental legislation, european union, sweden
Keywords:SEA, policy implementation, discourse analysis, comprehensive municipal planning, SMB, översiktlig planering
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2680
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2680
ID Code:1920
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: Ann Åkerskog
Deposited On:12 Jan 2009 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:15

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