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Farmers and forest land use in Lao PDR and Vietnam

Ohlsson, Bo (2009). Farmers and forest land use in Lao PDR and Vietnam. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2009:18
ISBN 978-91-86195-65-6
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

People’s use of the forest land for shifting cultivation has over the last 50 years altered the upland landscape in Laos and Vietnam. The objective of the thesis was to develop interdisciplinary approaches and methods to document, analyse and understand the use of forest land over this time. A second objective was to relate land use trends to local, national and global developments. Specific objectives were to explain and understand the observed status and changes of forest land use and the society. An interdisciplinary approach and methodology was used, including the Holling’s adaptive cycle. In different case studies the forest land use was documented and analysed, using a mix of social and natural science methods. Policy, strategy and legislation has been studied and related to the actual development. In two of those studies, a stable system evolved, to be challenged around 1990, due to the emergence of market reforms. In the third case study, in Vietnam, the transformation of natural forest and vegetation to private, farmbased plantation forestry, via shifting cultivation, over a thirty year period, was documented and analysed. In a fourth study, the development of plantation forestry in Laos was analysed in the context of globalisation. In both countries, a substantial amount of the forest land has been used for food production. In spite of severe internal and external influences, the communities have managed to sustain themselves without any significant livelihood changes. Through the penetration of globalization, in terms of land privatization, emerging market economy and improved communications, the villages were exposed to a new situation which could not be addressed by their traditional livelihood. In the Lao study, the farmers responded in different ways, from embracing the market economy to expanding already known and tested production or by avoidance. The case study on farm based plantation forestry in an uptake area of a major forest industry in Vietnam, indicates that the reasons for this development was the emergence of a market; supportive and dynamic policies, institutions and legal framework and tenure systems, and most important, the existence of professional farmers.

Authors/Creators:Ohlsson, Bo
Title:Farmers and forest land use in Lao PDR and Vietnam
Year of publishing :2009
Volume:2009:18
Number of Pages:68
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLThis thesis is based on the work contained in the following papers, referred to by Roman numerals in the text: I. Sandewall, M., Ohlsson, B., and Sawathvong S., 2001, Assessment of historical land use changes for purposes of strategic planning – a case study in Laos. Ambio 30, pages 55-61 II. Ohlsson, B., Sandewall, M, Sandewall, R.K. and Phon, N.H., 2005, Government plans and farmers intentions – a study on forest land use planning in Vietnam. Ambio 34, Number 3, May. Pages 248-255. III. Ohlsson, B. and Sawathvong, S., Forest Policy development in Lao PDR in the context of globalization. From: Ohlsson, B., 2001, Farmers, forest land use, government policies and globalisation – Case studies in Lao PDR and Vietnam, Report 13, Department of Forest Resources and Geomatics, Swedish, University of Agriculture. IV. Ohlsson, B. and Burns, T., 2004, An approach, methodology and analysis – a case study on forest land use. Manuscript. V. Sandewall, M, Ohlsson, B., Sandewall, K. and Viet, L. S., 2008, Behind the figures of expanding farm-based plantation forestry in Vietnam. Manuscript submitted.
Place of Publication:Umeå
ISBN for printed version:978-91-86195-65-6
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:forest land, land use, forestry production, forestry policies, viet nam, lao
Keywords:forest land use, plantation forestry, uplands, Vietnam, Lao PDR, shifting cultivation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2774
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2774
ID Code:1946
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Deposited By: Bo Ohlsson
Deposited On:26 Feb 2009 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:15

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