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Culturally modified trees and forest structure at a Kawesqar ancient settlement at Rio Batchelor, western Patagonia

Östlund, Lars and Zegers, Gabriel and Cáceres Murrie, Benjamin and Fernández, Macarena and Carracedo-Recasens, Robert and Josefsson, Torbjörn and Prieto, Alfredo and Roturier, Samuel (2020). Culturally modified trees and forest structure at a Kawesqar ancient settlement at Rio Batchelor, western Patagonia. Human Ecology. 48 , 585-597
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Abstract

Indigenous land use occurring on temporal scales over centuries or millennia shapes forests in specific ways and influences the dynamics of forest ecosystems. It is challenging to study such land use, but analysis of "culturally modified trees" (CMTs) can give precise spatial and temporal information on past land use by indigenous people. The aim of this study was to increase our knowledge of indigenous use of land and resources in Nothofagus forests by identifying CMTs and analyzing the forest structure dynamics in an ancient Kawesqar settlement site in western Patagonia. Our results show that there are CMTs at Rio Batchelor and that the forest structure varies significantly within the site, indicating that Kawesqar people altered the forest by extracting various resources. We conclude that CMT studies have great potential in Nothofagus forests in southernmost America, but also face specific challenges due to environmental conditions and lack of corroborating historical information.

Authors/Creators:Östlund, Lars and Zegers, Gabriel and Cáceres Murrie, Benjamin and Fernández, Macarena and Carracedo-Recasens, Robert and Josefsson, Torbjörn and Prieto, Alfredo and Roturier, Samuel
Title:Culturally modified trees and forest structure at a Kawesqar ancient settlement at Rio Batchelor, western Patagonia
Series Name/Journal:Human Ecology
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:48
Page range:585-597
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
ISSN:0300-7839
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 6 Humanities > 601 History and Archaeology > Archaeology
Keywords:Culturally modified trees, Bark peeling, Forest history, Indigenous land use, Archaeology Patagonia, Nothofagus
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109343
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109343
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s10745-020-00200-1
Web of Science (WoS)000590250000001
ID Code:19767
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:23 Dec 2020 09:03
Metadata Last Modified:15 Jan 2021 19:48

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