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Livelihood dependency and management on semiarid oak forests

the case of southern Zagros, Iran

Salehi, Alireza (2009). Livelihood dependency and management on semiarid oak forests. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2009:33
ISBN 978-91-86195-80-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1213776...

Abstract

This thesis deals with the relationships between inhabitants’ livelihoods and forest resources management at watershed level in the semiarid forests (woodlands) of Persian oak (Quercus persica) in southwest Iran. The ultimate objective of the studies is to lay a basis for planning woodland resource management, to suggest on strategies for improvements in implementation of management plans for sustainable use and conservation of these resources, and improvement of natural resources-based livelihoods of the communities. Paper I investigates the relationships between the traditional utilization, socioeconomic development during recent decades and land cover changes in the study area. Paper II aims to investigate dependency of inhabitant’s livelihoods on the woodland resources by characterizing their forest-based activities. The impacts of these activities on the attributes of the woodland as well as the participation of inhabitants in these activities are studied in Paper III. In Paper IV, a diameter class model is developed in order to predict the effects of different management practices on growth and yield of stands of Persian oak. Data on land cover change (Paper I) were collected through stereo interpretation with digital photogrammetric techniques applied to sets of scanned aerial photographs. Field data for all studies were gathered in 2003 from a woodland inventory. Socioeconomic data were gathered through interviews in 2006 (Paper I) and in 2008 (Papers II and III). Some data for model parameters in Paper IV were extracted from information of an adjacent forested area. In Paper II, canonical correlation analysis and pairwise correlation analysis were used to explore any significant relationships between the socioeconomic variables and the variables of the forest-based activities of the households. In Paper IV, linear programming was used to solve the planning problems. Results show stability in crown cover density and in the number of large trees and an increment of the woodland area. This could be related to a change in the traditional pattern of the woodland utilization in the past decades. There is a high dependency of inhabitants’ livelihoods on the woodland resources. The woodland-based incomes in Ganaveh are obtained by performing animal grazing, and collection of fuel wood, seeds, and ground fodder. The more income diversification and the better educational conditions for households, the less dependency on these resources. Lack of natural regeneration, relatively high incident of bad quality trees cause concerns for sustainability and conservation of the woodland as a result of the performed activities. Some efforts to reach social acceptance from the woodland users to protect the preserved areas from animal grazing and seed gathering for a period could be a good alternative for woodland rehabilitation. Fuel wood collection should not put the sustainability of the woodland in jeopardy. Although the accuracy of some parameters of the suggested diameter class model should be improved, the preliminary results show that the present prohibition of harvests seems contra productive. Rather, a regulated harvest of trees could enhance the livelihood of the Ganaveh households.

Authors/Creators:Salehi, Alireza
Title:Livelihood dependency and management on semiarid oak forests
Subtitle:the case of southern Zagros, Iran
Year of publishing :2009
Volume:2009:33
Number of Pages:51
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI A. Salehi, E. Wilhelmsson and U. Söderberg (2008). Land Cover Changes in a Forested Watershed, Southern Zagros, Iran. Land Degradation & Development 19, 542-553. II Alireza Salehi, Linley Chiwona Karltun, Ulf Söderberg, Ljusk Ola Eriksson (2008). Livelihood Dependency on Woodland Resources in Southern Zagros, Iran. Submitted manuscript. III A. Salehi, U. Söderberg, L.O. Eriksson (2008). The Impacts of Forest-Based activities on Woodland Characteristics in Southern Zagros, Iran. Submitted manuscript. IV Alireza Salehi, Ljusk Ola Eriksson (2008). A Model for Management of Mixed Coppice Stands of Semiarid Forests of Persian Oak. Submitted manuscript.
Place of Publication:Umeå
ISBN for printed version:978-91-86195-80-9
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:quercus, forests, semiarid climate, forest management, resource management, households, rural development, iran islamic republic
Keywords:Semiarid forests, Persian oak (Quercus persica), livelihood, conservation, Zagros, Iran
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2853
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2853
ID Code:1992
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Deposited By: Alireza Salehi
Deposited On:30 Apr 2009 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:15

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