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Induced parturition and retained placenta in the cow

inhibition of prostaglandin F2[alpha] synthesis and antibiotic therapy

Königsson, Kristian (2001). Induced parturition and retained placenta in the cow. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., ; 106
ISBN 91-576-5933-8
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

In order to study rapid changes in 1 5-kctodihydro-PGF2, (PG-metabolite), in the period preceding parturition in cattle, prc-term parturition was induced by dcxamcthasonc injection in four heifers on days 254 to 265 in gestation. Blood samples were collected at least every hour until 12 hours after parturition and during the second stage of labour at least 6 times per hour. The average time from injection to parturition was 7.7 days (mean). Two of the heifers had retained foetal membranes (RFM). At the start of the experiment the levels of PG-metabolite were low and increased slowly to levels between 1000 and 2000 pmoliL at one day before parturition. During the last day, however, the levels increased rapidly and the highest levels (>10000 pmoliL) were reached at the time of delivery. No pulsatile PG-metabolite elevations were seen. Immediately after foetal expulsion the PG-metabolite levels decreased rapidly in all animals. In two animals with RFM, however, this decline ceased within a few hours postpartum (pp). Instead the PG- metabolite levels started to increase and reached levels as high as during parturition. In another experiment the effects of the prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor, flunixin (F) and oxytetracycline (T) was evaluated in cows with RFM. As a model for RFM, pre-term parturition was induced by injections of PGF2,. 22/24 cows had RFM. After parturition the cows were divided into different groups according to the treatment. Cows were treated with F, T, T+F or conservatively. There were two experiments with two different treatment periods (3-6 d pp, before placental shedding and 11-14 d pp, after placental shedding). Animals treated with T on days 1 1 -14 had a quicker recovery from the uterine infection than other cows. T or T+F treatment on days 3-6 did not shorten the uterine infection but altered the bacterial flora. Furthermore, T or T+F treatment at this time led to improved appetite and increased energy consumption. However, T or T+F before placental shedding delayed the detachment of the retained foetal membranes compared with other cows. F did not influence clinical signs, recovery from infection or uterine involution. F suppressed PG-metabolite levels signifkantly during periods of treatment. However, treatment on days 3-6 suppressed PG synthesis only partially. T and T+F before placental shedding significantly altered the kinetics of the early PG-metabolite profile compared with other treatments. Late PG-metabolite elevation was significantly correlated to the duration of the uterine infection and to the cervical involution. In a final study, we wanted to evaluate meloxicam (M) as an inhibitor of the inflammatory response elicited by endotoxin (ET). Furthermore, we wanted to evaluate a possible effect of meloxicam on A"-rcductasc and 15-hydroxy prostanoatc dehydro- gcnasc, which catalysc the flrst steps of the metabolism of PGF2,. Four heifers in mid luteal phase were used in the experiment. ET elicited a rapid PG and cortisol release. White blood cells, iron, zinc and calcium were affected as well. The clinical effect was dramatic. Prc-treatment with M was found to abolish the PG-release totally. Furthermore, the cortisol release was reduced and the effect on general appearance and several blood parameters were suppressed. M did not prevent the pyrogenic effect of ET. M seems to have no major influence on the metabolism of

Authors/Creators:Königsson, Kristian
Title:Induced parturition and retained placenta in the cow
Subtitle:inhibition of prostaglandin F2[alpha] synthesis and antibiotic therapy
Year of publishing :January 2001
Volume:106
Number of Pages:35
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Königsson, K., Kask, K., Gustafsson, H., Kindahl, H., & Parvizi, N., 2001. 15-Ketodihydr0-PGF~~, progesterone and cortisol profiles in heifers after induction of parturition by injection of dexamethasone. Acta Vet Scand 42: 15 1-159. II. Königsson, K., Gustafsson, H., Gunnarsson, A., & Kindahl, H., 2001. Clinical and bacteriological aspects on the use of tetracycline and flunixin in primiparous cows with induced retained placenta and post partal endometritis. Reprod Dom Anim, in press. III. Königsson, K., Gustafsson, H., & Kindahl, H., 2001. 15-Ketodihydro-PGF2,, progesterone and uterine involution in primiparous cows with induced retained placenta and post partal endometritis treated with oxytetracycline and flunixin. Repipod Dom Anim, in press. IV. Königsson, K., Odensvik, K., & Kindahl, H., 2001. Endocrine and clinical effects of intravenous endotoxin injection after pre-treatment with meloxicam in heifers. Manuscript
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-5933-8
ISSN:401-6257
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L53 Animal physiology - Reproduction
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:cows, induced parturition, perinatal period, prostaglandins, foetal membranes, placental retention, flunixin, oxytetracycline, endotoxins
Keywords:PGF2u, parturition, retained foetal membranes, flunixin, meloxicam, oxytctracyclinc, endotoxin
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-211
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-211
ID Code:2
Department:(VH) > Institutionen för obstetrik och gynekologi
Deposited By: Staff Epsilon
Deposited On:03 May 2002 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:00

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