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Moose Alces alces behaviour related to human activity

Neumann, Wiebke (2009). Moose Alces alces behaviour related to human activity. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2009:64
ISBN 978-91-576-7411-1
[Doctoral thesis]

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The spatiotemporal dynamics of human activity requires a better understanding of the ecological effects on wildlife. This thesis focuses on the behavioural response of a harvested species, moose (Alces alces), to dynamic human activities e.g. hunting and recreation, and to static influences like roads, using experimental and descriptive approaches. Potentially lethal (hunting) and non-lethal (hiking, snowmobiling) activities provoked short-lived increases in moose movement activity and caused spatial displacement. The data suggests a uniform response towards unexpected disturbance and that moose are sensitive to human proximity. Hunting clearly provoked the strongest response. Moose approached by a hunting dog commonly fled, suggesting adjustments in anti-predator behaviour towards a non-native predator. This may lead to predator facilitation where wolves and human predation co-exist, because the moose’s behavioural response towards one predator possibly increases the predation risk by the other. Unexpectedly, hiking and motor-driven (snowmobiling) recreational activity caused a comparable change in moose behaviour. The short-lived response towards dynamic human activities indicates a rather minor impact on moose total energy budget from a single disturbance. Moose seldom crossed roads, but did increasingly so during migration. Road-crossing sites were aggregated, suggesting well established travel routes and corridors for migratory moose. Moose did not cross roads more often during hunting season. In general, moose little utilized habitats in proximity to roads. Moose-vehicle collisions did not occur where and when moose most commonly cross roads. My results suggest a higher risk to human safety during times of poor visibility and close to urban areas, but not necessarily in the vicinity of forests. For wildlife subject to intensive harvest and sensitive to human proximity, I emphasize the need to include animal behavioural, landscape ecological, political as well as socio-economical aspects for future research concerning human-wildlife interactions. I also recommend future research to combine wildlife movement data from active tracking sensors such as GPS-collars together with collision data to improve conclusions about wildlife movement corridors and traffic risk zones.

Authors/Creators:Neumann, Wiebke
Title:Moose Alces alces behaviour related to human activity
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2009
Number of Pages:56
ALLI Neumann W, Ericsson G, Dettki H. 2009. The non-impact of hunting on moose Alces alces movement, diurnal activity, and activity range. European Journal of Wildlife Research 55, 255-265. DOI 10.1007/s10344-008-0237-0 II Neumann W, Ericsson G, Dettki H. Non-naïve moose and their anti-predator behaviour towards humans. (manuscript) III Neumann W, Ericsson G, Dettki H. The impact of human recreational activities on wildlife - moose as a case study. (manuscript) IV Neumann W, Ericsson G, Dettki H, Bunnefeld N, Keuler N, Helmers D, Radeloff VC. Spatial and temporal probability for wildlife road crossings – migratory moose as a model system. (manuscript) Papers I is reproduced with the kind permission of the publisher.
Place of Publication:Umeå
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7411-1
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:elks, recreation, hunting, infrastructure, behaviour, animal ecology, movement, global positioning systems
Keywords:human impact, recreational activities, hunting, infrastructure, movement behaviour, ungulate, experimental disturbances, GPS location data
Permanent URL:
ID Code:2102
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: Wiebke Neumann
Deposited On:10 Sep 2009 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:16

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