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Land Sparing Can Maintain Bird Diversity in Northeastern Bangladesh

Hasan, Akib and Montoro Girona, Miguel and Grosbois, Guillaume and Saha, Narayan and Halim, Md Abdul (2020). Land Sparing Can Maintain Bird Diversity in Northeastern Bangladesh. Sustainability. 12 , 6472
[Research article]

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Abstract

One of humanity's most significant challenges in the process of attaining the established sustainability goals is balancing the growing human demand for food and the need to conserve biodiversity. This challenge requires appropriate land uses that are able to conserve biodiversity while ensuring ample food supply. This study compares bird species diversity and abundance in areas undergoing land sharing and land sparing in northeastern Bangladesh (West Bhanugach Reserved Forest). Birds serve as useful biologic indicators because of their presence within different trophic levels and their well-studied ecology. To survey birds, we selected a total of 66 sampling sites within land-sharing (33) and land-sparing (33) land-use areas. Between May and June 2017, we observed and recorded bird calls within a 50-m radius around each sampling site. We counted 541 individuals from 46 species of birds. The Shannon bird diversity was higher in the land-sparing sites (1.52) than in the land-sharing sites (1.23). We found approximately 30% more bird species (39 vs. 30) and 40% more individuals (318 vs. 223) in the land-sparing areas than land-sharing areas. Three bird species,Arachnothera longirostra,Micropternus brachyurusandCopsychus malabaricus, were significantly associated with the land-sparing sites. This study shows that land sharing negatively affects bird diversity, richness and abundance compared to land-sparing. The use of chemical fertilizers and the lack of food, such as insects, for birds can explain the lower diversity, richness and abundance of birds in the land-sharing areas. Although land sharing is an effective means of producing food, land sparing is the most effective land-use practice for preserving bird diversity in northeastern Bangladesh.

Authors/Creators:Hasan, Akib and Montoro Girona, Miguel and Grosbois, Guillaume and Saha, Narayan and Halim, Md Abdul
Title:Land Sparing Can Maintain Bird Diversity in Northeastern Bangladesh
Series Name/Journal:Sustainability
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:12
Article number:6472
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2071-1050
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:agriculture, biodiversity, conservation, habitat loss, forestry, land sharing, land use, sustainability, wildlife
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-108628
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-108628
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/su12166472
Web of Science (WoS)000579656400001
ID Code:21253
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:18 Jan 2021 11:03
Metadata Last Modified:18 Jan 2021 11:11

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