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Contrasting Environmental Drivers Determine Biodiversity Patterns in Epiphytic Lichen Communities along a European Gradient

Hurtado, Pilar and Prieto, Maria and de Bello, Francesco and Aragon, Gregorio and Lopez-Angulo, Jesus and Giordani, Paolo and Maria Diaz-Pena, Eva and Vicente, Rebeca and Merinero, Sonia and Kosuthova, Alica and Benesperi, Renato and Bianchi, Elisabetta and Mayrhofer, Helmut and Nascimbene, Juri and Grube, Martin and Wedin, Mats and Westberg, Martin and Martinez, Isabel (2020). Contrasting Environmental Drivers Determine Biodiversity Patterns in Epiphytic Lichen Communities along a European Gradient. Microorganisms. 8 , 1913
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Abstract

Assessing the ecological impacts of environmental change on biological communities requires knowledge of the factors driving the spatial patterns of the three diversity facets along extensive environmental gradients. We quantified the taxonomic (TD), functional (FD), and phylogenetic diversity (PD) of lichen epiphytic communities in 23 beech forests along Europe to examine their response to environmental variation (climate, habitat quality, spatial predictors) at a continental geographic scale. We selected six traits related to the climatic conditions in forest ecosystems, the water-use strategy and the nutrient uptake, and we built a phylogenetic tree based on four molecular markers. FD and climate determined TD and PD, with spatial variables also affecting PD. The three diversity facets were primarily shaped by distinct critical predictors, with the temperature diurnal range affecting FD and PD, and precipitation of the wettest month determining TD. Our results emphasize the value of FD for explaining part of TD and PD variation in lichen communities at a broad geographic scale, while highlighting that these diversity facets provide complementary information about the communities' response under changing environmental conditions. Furthermore, traits such as growth form, photobiont type, and reproductive strategy mediated the response of lichen communities to abiotic factors emerging as useful indicators of macroclimatic variations.

Authors/Creators:Hurtado, Pilar and Prieto, Maria and de Bello, Francesco and Aragon, Gregorio and Lopez-Angulo, Jesus and Giordani, Paolo and Maria Diaz-Pena, Eva and Vicente, Rebeca and Merinero, Sonia and Kosuthova, Alica and Benesperi, Renato and Bianchi, Elisabetta and Mayrhofer, Helmut and Nascimbene, Juri and Grube, Martin and Wedin, Mats and Westberg, Martin and Martinez, Isabel
Title:Contrasting Environmental Drivers Determine Biodiversity Patterns in Epiphytic Lichen Communities along a European Gradient
Series Name/Journal:Microorganisms
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:8
Article number:1913
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2076-2607
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Microbiology (Microbiology in the medical area to be 30109)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:beech forests, climate, epiphytic lichen, functional diversity, functional trait, latitudinal gradient, phylogenetic diversity, taxonomic diversity
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110204
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110204
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/microorganisms8121913
Web of Science (WoS)000602609300001
ID Code:21768
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:27 Jan 2021 08:57
Metadata Last Modified:27 Jan 2021 08:57

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