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Physiological and behavioural responses of moose to hunting with dogs

Graesli, Anne Randi and Le Grand, Luc and Thiel, Alexandra and Fuchs, Boris and Devineau, Olivier and Stenbacka, Fredrik and Neumann, Wiebke and Ericsson, Göran and Singh, Navinder and Laske, Timothy G. and Beumer, Larissa T. and Arnemo, Jon M. and Evans, Alina L. (2020). Physiological and behavioural responses of moose to hunting with dogs. Conservation Physiology. 8 , coaa122
[Journal article]

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Abstract

Optimal management of hunted species requires an understanding of the impacts of hunting on both individual animal and population levels. Recent technological advancements in biologging enable us to obtain increasingly detailed information fromfree-ranging animals, covering longer periods of time, and providing the data needed to assess such impacts. In Sweden, more than 80 000mooseare harvested annually, mostly huntedwith the use of baying dogs. The effects of this huntingmethod on animal welfare and stress are understudied. Here, we evaluated 6 real and 17 experimental hunting approaches with baying dogs [wearing global positioning system (GPS) collars] on 8 adult female moose equipped with ruminal temperature loggers, subcutaneous heart rate (HR) loggers and GPS collars with accelerometers. The obtained data were used to analyse the behavioural and physiological responses of moose to hunting with dogs. Successful experimental approaches (moose and dogwere within 240m for >10 min) resulted in higher maximum body temperature (Tb, 0.88.C higher) and a mean increase in HR of 24 bp min moose at the day of the approach compared to the day after. The moose rested on average >90 min longer the day after the approach compared to the day of the approach. The moose travelled on average 4.2 kmlonger and had a 1.3 m/s higher maximum speed the day of the approach compared to the day after. Our results demonstrate that hunting with dogs increase moose energy expenditure and resting time (and consequently decrease time available for foraging) on an individual level. This could possibly affect body condition and reproduction rates if the hunting disturbances occur frequently.

Authors/Creators:Graesli, Anne Randi and Le Grand, Luc and Thiel, Alexandra and Fuchs, Boris and Devineau, Olivier and Stenbacka, Fredrik and Neumann, Wiebke and Ericsson, Göran and Singh, Navinder and Laske, Timothy G. and Beumer, Larissa T. and Arnemo, Jon M. and Evans, Alina L.
Title:Physiological and behavioural responses of moose to hunting with dogs
Series Name/Journal:Conservation Physiology
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:8
Article number:coaa122
Number of Pages:15
ISSN:2051-1434
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Fish and Wildlife Management
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Behavioural Sciences Biology
Keywords:Activity, Alces alces, body temperature, GPS (global positioning system), heart rate, human disturbance
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109813
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109813
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1093/conphys/coaa122
Web of Science (WoS)000604986300001
ID Code:21784
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:29 Jan 2021 09:23
Metadata Last Modified:29 Jan 2021 09:31

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