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Environmental values - what’s the point?

essays on compliance with environmental regulations and on the meaning of environmental values

Holstein, Fredrik (2009). Environmental values - what’s the point? Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2010:1
ISBN 978-91-576-7478-4
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Environmental policy aims at preserving environmental values. But what is the point… i) of the concept of environmental values and ii) of environmental values that will actually be reached? This thesis focuses on both these questions. Setting an environmental target requires a, implicit or explicit, trade-off between values. Even though economics offers a theoretical foundation as well as methods for this, it might be argued that other values should be considered. Paper I investigates the meaning of, and relation between, different value related terms. The value perspective is crucial: biological objects might have an economic value whereas biological values, interpreted as intrinsic, are incommensurable with economic values. Paper II discusses potential implications of differences between the value perspectives asserted by respondents of stated preference (SP) surveys and the perspective implied by the valuation question. It is concluded that implied and asserted rights are incompatible in most of the potential situations and that this offers a coherent explanation to anomalies often found in SP-surveys. Paper III and IV apply econometric tools for explaining why firms violate or comply with environmental regulations. In both studies it is shown that the frequency of inspections are important to encourage compliance. In Paper III results from non-parametric methods revealed that smaller, and less environmentally harmful, firms have higher frequency of violation in the absence of inspections but that they increase their compliance more as a response to increased inspection frequency. In none of the papers it can be excluded that the inspections affect behaviour both through the deterrent effect and by the increased knowledge following from the information from the inspectors. In Paper IV is the potential effect of social capital and environmental consciousness in focus. It is shown that the effect social capital, measured as trust, has on compliance is non-linear and partly negative. A possible explanation to this counter-intuitive result is that trust, in a naïve form, is exploited by firms governed by calculated rather than social or normative motives.

Authors/Creators:Holstein, Fredrik
Title:Environmental values - what’s the point?
Subtitle:essays on compliance with environmental regulations and on the meaning of environmental values
Year of publishing :2009
Volume:2010:1
Number of Pages:35
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Holstein, F. (1998). The Values of the Agricultural Landscape: a Discussion on Value-related Terms in Natural and Social Sciences and the Implications for the Contingent Valuation Method. In: Dabbert, S., Dubgaard, A., Slangen, L., and Whitby, M. (eds.) The Economics of Landscape and Wildlife Conservation. CAB International, Wallingford, 37-52. II. Holstein, F. Perceptions of Rights and Environmental Valuation - Incompatible Opinions About Rights as Explanation to Anomalies in SP-surveys. (Manuscript). III. Holstein F. and I.-M. Gren. Inspections and violations of environmental regulations in Sweden - a non-parametric approach. (Manuscript) IV. Holstein F., 2009. Social capital and compliance with environmental regulations in Sweden. (Manuscript)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7478-4
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:environmental policies, landscape, resource management, value systems, economic value, ownership, enterprises, valuation, environmental legislation, regulations, sweden
Keywords:values, valuation, stated preferences, anomalies, property rights, landscape, compliance, inspections, inspection style, social capital, Sweden
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3032
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3032
ID Code:2205
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: Fredrik Holstein
Deposited On:15 Dec 2009 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:16

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