Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Verotoxinogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Swedish cattle and pigs

Eriksson , Erik (2010). Verotoxinogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Swedish cattle and pigs. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2010:3
ISBN 978-91-576-7480-7
[Doctoral thesis]

[img]
Preview
PDF
1MB

Abstract

Verotoxinogenic E. coli O157:H7 (VTEC O157:H7) can cause severe disease in humans, with bloody diarrhea and complications such as haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and even death. Animals carry VTEC O157:H7 asymptomatically. Ruminants, especially cattle, are considered to be the main reservoir, although the bacterium can occasionally be isolated from other species, such as pigs. The main aim of this thesis was to increase our knowledge of VTEC O157:H7 in Swedish cattle and pigs and to assess the extent to which they could be a potential source of human infections. The studies have included prevalence investigations of VTEC O157:H7 in slaughtered Swedish cattle and pigs, with estimated prevalences of 1.2% and 0.1%, respectively. Moreover, a study was performed on 371 dairy herds, where VTEC O157:H7 was detected in 8.9% of the herds. Indentified risk factors for herds to prove positive were: median age of sampled animals, herd size, farms located in Halland and presence of pigs on a dairy farm. Studies were also performed on farms where pigs shed VTEC O157:H7. Direct or indirect contact with ruminants seemed to be of major importance for presence of the bacterium in pigs. Young pigs were monitored during rearing for slaughter and were found to rid themselves of the bacteria prior to slaughter. When VTEC O157:H7 isolates from the cattle prevalence studies (n=181) and farms linked to human cases (n=19) were subtyped, a specific variant, VTEC O157:H7 PT4:vtx2,vtx2c), predominated among the strains isolated from farms associated with disease in humans. By extended subtyping it was established that strains of this specific variant belonged to a group of putative hyper-virulent strains, clade 8, suspected of causing more severe disease in humans. Furthermore, different molecular subtyping techniques were evaluated regarding their ability to distinguish between VTEC O157:H7 strains isolated from Swedish cattle and pigs.

Authors/Creators:Eriksson , Erik
Title:Verotoxinogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Swedish cattle and pigs
Year of publishing :2010
Volume:2010:3
Number of Pages:92
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Albihn, A., Eriksson, E., Wallen, C. & Aspán, A. (2003). Verotoxinogenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157:H7 a nationwide Swedish survey of bovine faeces. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 44, 43-52. II. Eriksson, E., Aspán, A., Gunnarsson, A. & Vågsholm, I. (2005). Prevalence of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157 in Swedish dairy herds. Epidemiology and Infection 133, 349-358. III. Eriksson, E., Nerbrink, E., Borch, E., Aspán, A. & Gunnarsson, A. (2003). Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 in the Swedish pig population. Veterinary Record 152, 712-717. IV. Aspán, A. & Eriksson, E. Verotoxinogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Swedish cattle; isolates from prevalence studies versus strains linked to human infections − A retrospective study (submitted for publication). V. Eriksson, E., Söderlund, R., Boqvist, S. & Aspán, A. Genotypic characterization to identify markers associated with hyper-virulence in Swedish Escherichia coli O157:H7 cattle strains (in manuscript)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7480-7
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:escherichia coli, colibacillosis, human diseases, animal diseases, epidemiology, morbidity, serotypes, microbiological analysis, methods, cattle, swine, sweden
Keywords:Stx, VT, E. coli, O157, cattle, pig, PFGE, MLVA, VTEC, STEC
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3038
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3038
ID Code:2213
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: Erik Eriksson
Deposited On:19 Jan 2010 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:17

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits