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Maintaining natural and traditional cultural green infrastructures across Europe: learning from historic and current landscape transformations

Angelstam, Mattias and Manton, Michael and Yamelynets, Taras and Fedoriak, Mariia and Albulescu, Andra-Cosmina and Bravo, Felipe and Cruz, Fatima and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Kavtarishvili, Marika and Munoz-Rojas, Jose and Sijtsma, Frans and Washbourne, Carla-Leanne and Agnoletti, Mauro and Dobrynin, Denis and Izakovicova, Zita and Jansson, Nicklas and Kanka, Robert and Kopperoinen, Leena and Lazdinis, Marius and Metzger, Marc and van der Moolen, Bert and Özut, Deniz and Gjorgieska, Dori Pavloska and Stryamets, Natalie and Tolunay, Ahmet and Turkoglu, Turkay and Zagidullina, Asiya (2021). Maintaining natural and traditional cultural green infrastructures across Europe: learning from historic and current landscape transformations. Landscape Ecology. 36 , 637-663
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Abstract

Context Maintaining functional green infrastructures (GIs) require evidence-based knowledge about historic and current states and trends of representative land cover types. Objectives We address: (1) the long-term loss and transformation of potential natural forest vegetation; (2) the effects of site productivity on permanent forest loss and emergence of traditional cultural landscapes; (3) the current management intensity; and (4) the social-ecological contexts conducive to GI maintenance . Methods We selected 16 case study regions, each with a local hotspot landscape, ranging from intact forest landscapes, via contiguous and fragmented forest covers, to severe forest loss. Quantitative open access data were used to estimate (i) the historic change and (ii) transformation of land covers, and (iii) compare the forest canopy loss from 2000 to 2018. Qualitative narratives about each hotspot landscape were analysed for similarities (iv). Results While the potential natural forest vegetation cover in the 16 case study regions had a mean of 86%, historically it has been reduced to 34%. Higher site productivity coincided with transformation to non-forest land covers. The mean annual forest canopy loss for 2000-2018 ranged from 0.01 to 1.08%. The 16 case studies represented five distinct social-ecological contexts (1) radical transformation of landscapes, (2) abuse of protected area concepts, (3) ancient cultural landscapes (4) multi-functional forests, and (5) intensive even-aged forest management, of which 1 and 4 was most common. Conclusions GIs encompass both forest naturalness and traditional cultural landscapes. Our review of Pan-European regions and landscapes revealed similarities in seemingly different contexts, which can support knowledge production and learning about how to sustain GIs.

Authors/Creators:Angelstam, Mattias and Manton, Michael and Yamelynets, Taras and Fedoriak, Mariia and Albulescu, Andra-Cosmina and Bravo, Felipe and Cruz, Fatima and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Kavtarishvili, Marika and Munoz-Rojas, Jose and Sijtsma, Frans and Washbourne, Carla-Leanne and Agnoletti, Mauro and Dobrynin, Denis and Izakovicova, Zita and Jansson, Nicklas and Kanka, Robert and Kopperoinen, Leena and Lazdinis, Marius and Metzger, Marc and van der Moolen, Bert and Özut, Deniz and Gjorgieska, Dori Pavloska and Stryamets, Natalie and Tolunay, Ahmet and Turkoglu, Turkay and Zagidullina, Asiya
Title:Maintaining natural and traditional cultural green infrastructures across Europe: learning from historic and current landscape transformations
Series Name/Journal:Landscape Ecology
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:36
Page range:637-663
Number of Pages:27
Publisher:SPRINGER
ISSN:0921-2973
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Human Geography
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:Cultural landscape, Forest naturalness, Green infrastructure, Landscape history, Land-sharing and land-sparing, Social-ecological system, Reference landscape
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110045
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110045
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s10980-020-01161-y
Web of Science (WoS)000599036400001
ID Code:22190
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:12 Feb 2021 10:12
Metadata Last Modified:12 Feb 2021 10:21

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