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Living with adversity and vulnerability

adaptive strategies and the role of trees in Konso, Southern Ethiopia

Tadesse, Menfese (2010). Living with adversity and vulnerability. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2010:15
ISBN 978-91-576-7492-0
[Doctoral thesis]

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The Konso people of Southern Ethiopia have been known for their traditional land management and conservation practices and mixed farming systems in which trees have played a central role. These practices helped them to sustain livelihoods over long period to survive in a less favored area. However, the Konso people have been suffering from drought and food shortage in the recent past. Despite the long standing traditional land management practices (which are still in use), we do not have sufficient information why the livelihood of Konso people has become increasingly vulnerable. This thesis uses the sustainable livelihood framework to identify potential contributors to vulnerability and also highlights the role of agency and structure perspectives in rural development. The study employed key informant interviews, focus group discussions, a formal survey and a participatory workshop. The study identified the major factors contributing to vulnerability to be food insecurity from frequent drought primarily as a result of changes in a rainfall pattern, high population pressure leading to reduction in farm size and declining soil fertility. The study also revealed that the options for non-farm and off-farm employment activities are temporary in nature, limited and low paying. Productive Safety-Net Program (PSNP) has enabled people to have better access to food, however, building assets and saving at household level was limited. Conservation and restoration of the natural resources and the building of other public assets under PSNP have showed mixed outcomes. The on-going self-employment credit program is a good start but not adequately in place. The study identified potentials and constraints to tree growing on farm lands as a way to cover immediate subsistence needs, as well as to generate income. The study concludes that policies that respond appropriately to the Konso-specific context, provide diverse livelihood options, and include the primary social actors and effective coordination and mobilization of local institutions in the decision making process as requisites to enhance the development intervention efforts being implemented to reduce vulnerability.

Authors/Creators:Tadesse, Menfese
Title:Living with adversity and vulnerability
Subtitle:adaptive strategies and the role of trees in Konso, Southern Ethiopia
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2010
Number of Pages:223
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7492-0
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:households, food security, poverty, sustainability, multipurpose trees, agroforestry, socioeconomic development, decision making, ethiopia
Keywords:vulnerability, livelihoods, coping strategy, food insecurity, PSNP, farm trees, Konso, Ethiopia
Permanent URL:
ID Code:2231
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: Menfese Tadesse
Deposited On:11 Feb 2010 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:17

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