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Presence of pathogenic bacteria in faeces from dogs fed raw meat-based diets or dry kibble

Runesvärd, Ellinor and Wikstrom, Camilla and Fernström, Lise-Lotte and Hansson, Ingrid (2020). Presence of pathogenic bacteria in faeces from dogs fed raw meat-based diets or dry kibble. Veterinary Record. 187
[Research article]

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Abstract

Background Feeding dogs with raw meat-based diets (RMBD) has increased in popularity in recent years. Proponents claim that RMBD is more natural for dogs, because it is what their ancestors (wolves) eat. Opponents claim that RMBD is a health hazard to both humans and animals, with a risk of spreading zoonotic bacteria and resistant bacterial strains.Methods This cross-sectional study investigated differences in bacteria shedding in faeces between dogs fed RMBD and dogs fed dry kibble. Faeces samples from 50 dogs from the same municipality were analysed for the presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, Campylobacter and Salmonella.Results For the 25 dogs fed RMBD, ESBL E coli was isolated from 13 faeces samples, Campylobacter from 12 and Salmonella from 1. For the 25 dogs fed dry kibble, ESBL-producing E coli was isolated from one faeces sample and Campylobacter from four, while Salmonella was not detected.Conclusion There was thus a significant difference in excretion of zoonotic and resistant bacteria in faeces between dogs fed RMBD and dogs fed dry kibble. These results confirm that RMBD can pose a microbiological risk not only for dogs, but also for people handling RMBD and faeces from dogs.

Authors/Creators:Runesvärd, Ellinor and Wikstrom, Camilla and Fernström, Lise-Lotte and Hansson, Ingrid
Title:Presence of pathogenic bacteria in faeces from dogs fed raw meat-based diets or dry kibble
Series Name/Journal:Veterinary Record
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:187
Number of Pages:6
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:0042-4900
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110690
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110690
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1136/vr.105644
Web of Science (WoS)000608475200008
ID Code:22438
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:19 Feb 2021 14:43
Metadata Last Modified:01 Aug 2021 16:23

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