Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Wildfire yields a distinct turnover of the beetle community in a semi-natural pine forest in northern Sweden

Fredriksson, Emelie and Mugerwa Pettersson, Roger and Naalisvaara, Jörgen and Löfroth, Therese (2020). Wildfire yields a distinct turnover of the beetle community in a semi-natural pine forest in northern Sweden. Ecological processes. 9 , 44
[Research article]

[img] PDF
3MB

Abstract

Background Fires have been an important natural disturbance and pervasive evolutionary force in the boreal biome. Yet, fire suppression has made forest fires rare in the managed landscapes in Fennoscandia, causing significant habitat loss for saproxylic species such as polypores and insects. To better understand how the beetle community changes (species turnover) after a wildfire in a landscape with intense fire suppression, we monitored beetles with flight intercept traps the first 3 years as well as 12 years after a large wildfire in a national park in northern Sweden (a control/unburnt area was set up for the last year of sampling). Results Species composition changed significantly among all studied years with a continuous turnover of species following the wildfire. The indicator species analysis showed that year 1 post-fire was mostly associated with cambium consumers and also the pyrophilous speciesBatrisodes hubenthali. Year 2 was the most abundant and species-rich year, withTomicus piniperdaas the most important indicator species. The indicator species year 3 were mostly secondary successional species, fungivores, and predators and were characterized by lower species diversity. Year 12 had higher diversity compared with year 3 but lower species richness and abundance. A control area was established during year 12 post-fire, and our analyses showed that the control area and burned area differed in species composition suggesting that the beetle community needs longer than 12 years to recover even after a low-intensive ground fire. Conclusion The wildfire area hosted several red-listed and fire-dependent species suggesting that after a century of landscape-level fire suppression in a semi-natural area, the reintroduction of fire benefits rare and pyrophilous species and still impacts species composition after 12 years. This study implies that fire has long-lasting effects on high latitudes and that prescribed burning has the potential to benefit biodiversity over decades in these landscapes while also highlighting the value of considering the whole species community and not only monitoring abundance and richness to assess biodiversity after management actions.

Authors/Creators:Fredriksson, Emelie and Mugerwa Pettersson, Roger and Naalisvaara, Jörgen and Löfroth, Therese
Title:Wildfire yields a distinct turnover of the beetle community in a semi-natural pine forest in northern Sweden
Series Name/Journal:Ecological processes
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:9
Article number:44
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:SPRINGER
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Assemblage, Boreal, Coleoptera, Species composition, Conservation, Disturbance, Diversity, Fire suppression, Insects, Protected area, Saproxylic
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107885
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107885
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1186/s13717-020-00246-5
Web of Science (WoS)000566528000001
ID Code:22637
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:22 Feb 2021 13:23
Metadata Last Modified:22 Feb 2021 13:31

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits