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Dynamics of the Apple Fruit Microbiome after Harvest and Implications for Fruit Quality

Bösch, Yvonne and Britt, Elisabeth and Perren, Sarah and Naef, Andreas and Frey, Jurg E. and Buhlmann, Andreas (2021). Dynamics of the Apple Fruit Microbiome after Harvest and Implications for Fruit Quality. Microorganisms. 9 , 272
[Journal article]

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Abstract

The contribution of the apple microbiome to the production chain of apple was so far largely unknown. Here, we describe the apple fruit microbiome and influences on its composition by parameters such as storage season, storage duration, storage technology, apple variety, and plant protection schemes. A combined culturing and metabarcoding approach revealed significant differences in the abundance, composition, and diversity of the apple fruit microbiome. We showed that relatively few genera contribute a large portion of the microbiome on fruit and that the fruit microbiome changes during the storage season depending on the storage conditions. In addition, we show that the plant protection regime has an influence on the diversity of the fruit microbiome and on the dynamics of pathogenic fungal genera during the storage season. For the genus Neofabraea, the quantitative results from the metabarcoding approach were validated with real-time PCR. In conclusion, we identified key parameters determining the composition and temporal changes of the apple fruit microbiome, and the main abiotic driving factors of microbiome diversity on apple fruit were characterized.

Authors/Creators:Bösch, Yvonne and Britt, Elisabeth and Perren, Sarah and Naef, Andreas and Frey, Jurg E. and Buhlmann, Andreas
Title:Dynamics of the Apple Fruit Microbiome after Harvest and Implications for Fruit Quality
Series Name/Journal:Microorganisms
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:9
Article number:272
Number of Pages:15
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2076-2607
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Microbiology (Microbiology in the medical area to be 30109)
Keywords:apple, fruit microbiome, fruit quality, Neofabraea spp
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111023
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111023
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/microorganisms9020272
Web of Science (WoS)000622815900001
ID Code:22832
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:24 Mar 2021 14:23
Metadata Last Modified:24 Mar 2021 14:31

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