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Knowledge and practice on prevention of mosquito-borne diseases in livestock-keeping and non-livestock-keeping communities in Hanoi city, Vietnam: A mixed-method study

Nguyen-Tien, Thang and Thanh Pham, Long and Vu, Duoc Trong and Tran, Son Hai and Vu, Lieu Thi and Bui, Vuong Nghia and Bui-Ngoc, Anh and Hoang, Trung Duc and Vu, Thanh Thi and Nguyen-Viet, Hung and Magnusson, Ulf and Lundkvist, Åke and Lindahl, Johanna (2021). Knowledge and practice on prevention of mosquito-borne diseases in livestock-keeping and non-livestock-keeping communities in Hanoi city, Vietnam: A mixed-method study. PLoS ONE. 16 , e0246032
[Research article]

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Abstract

Mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs) are causing high morbidity and mortality for humans. Urban livestock keeping is still common in cities around the world. The animals may serve as reservoirs for zoonotic MBDs, which increase the risks for humans. Here we assess the knowledge and practices related to MBDs in households with livestock and without livestock and explore the perceptions of the health care sector about MBDs and livestock keeping in Hanoi city of Vietnam in a cross-sectional study. A quantitative survey was conducted including 513 households with and without livestock-keeping in six districts and complemented with qualitative surveys with four health staff from Hanoi Center of Disease Control and three district health centers. The quantitative survey indicated that the participants possessed basic knowledge on MBDs with an average score of 18.3 out of 35, of which non-livestock-keeping households had a better knowledge than households keeping livestock (p<0.05). Both household categories had low score, 3.5 out of 11, regarding preventive practices against MBDs. The negative binomial model showed that occupation and location of living were factors associated to the knowledge on MBDs. Farmers were likely to have better preventive practices as compared to office workers (p<0.05). Those who had better knowledge also had more adequate preventive practices against MBDs (p<0.001). The qualitative survey revealed that livestock keeping was determined as increasing risks of MBDs due to the increase of mosquito population. It is recommended that community campaigns to raise the awareness and change behavior on MBDs should be organized based on collaboration between the health sector and the veterinary sector for households with and without livestock living in central urban and peri-urban areas. Further studies are needed to confirm the association between urban livestock keeping and potential increasing risks of MBDs such as dengue and Japanese encephalitis.

Authors/Creators:Nguyen-Tien, Thang and Thanh Pham, Long and Vu, Duoc Trong and Tran, Son Hai and Vu, Lieu Thi and Bui, Vuong Nghia and Bui-Ngoc, Anh and Hoang, Trung Duc and Vu, Thanh Thi and Nguyen-Viet, Hung and Magnusson, Ulf and Lundkvist, Åke and Lindahl, Johanna
Title:Knowledge and practice on prevention of mosquito-borne diseases in livestock-keeping and non-livestock-keeping communities in Hanoi city, Vietnam: A mixed-method study
Series Name/Journal:PLoS ONE
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:16
Article number:e0246032
Number of Pages:21
Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
ISSN:1932-6203
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111222
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111222
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0246032
Web of Science (WoS)000616960200099
ID Code:22857
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:29 Mar 2021 12:43
Metadata Last Modified:29 Mar 2021 12:51

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