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Recent Large-Scale Genotyping and Phenotyping of Plant Genetic Resources of Vegetatively Propagated Crops

Nybom, Hilde and Lācis, Gunārs (2021). Recent Large-Scale Genotyping and Phenotyping of Plant Genetic Resources of Vegetatively Propagated Crops. Plants. 10 , 415
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

Several recent national and international projects have focused on large-scale genotyping of plant genetic resources in vegetatively propagated crops like fruit and berries, potatoes and woody ornamentals. The primary goal is usually to identify true-to-type plant material, detect possible synonyms, and investigate genetic diversity and relatedness among accessions. A secondary goal may be to create sustainable databases that can be utilized in research and breeding for several years ahead. Commonly applied DNA markers (like microsatellite DNA and SNPs) and next-generation sequencing each have their pros and cons for these purposes. Methods for large-scale phenotyping have lagged behind, which is unfortunate since many commercially important traits (yield, growth habit, storability, and disease resistance) are difficult to score. Nevertheless, the analysis of gene action and development of robust DNA markers depends on environmentally controlled screening of very large sets of plant material. Although more time-consuming, co-operative projects with broad-scale data collection are likely to produce more reliable results. In this review, we will describe some of the approaches taken in genotyping and/or phenotyping projects concerning a wide variety of vegetatively propagated crops.

Authors/Creators:Nybom, Hilde and Lācis, Gunārs
Title:Recent Large-Scale Genotyping and Phenotyping of Plant Genetic Resources of Vegetatively Propagated Crops
Series Name/Journal:Plants
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:10
Article number:415
Number of Pages:30
Publisher:MDPI
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Z - SLU - Libray > Odla mera
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:DNA marker, genetic diversity, GWAS, pedigree, plant breeding, SNP, SSR
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111259
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111259
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/plants10020415
Web of Science (WoS)000622979800001
ID Code:22864
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:01 Apr 2021 06:43
Metadata Last Modified:02 Apr 2021 04:02

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