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Exploring Farmers’ Reasons for Antibiotic Use and Misuse in Pig Farms in Brazil

Albernaz-Gonçalves, Rita and Olmos Antillón, Gabriela and Hötzel, Maria José (2021). Exploring Farmers’ Reasons for Antibiotic Use and Misuse in Pig Farms in Brazil. Antibiotics. 10 , 331
[Research article]

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Abstract

Stressful management that makes farmed pigs susceptible to infections is associated with high antibiotic use (AMU) and resistance (AMR). Pig farmers are key stakeholders to support the international agenda pushing AMU restrictions. We interviewed 58 pig farmers on AMU/AMR, biosecurity, veterinary assistance, disease prevention and treatment, aiming to understand practices and attitudes towards the AMU/AMR problem. Farmers described a reliance on antibiotics to prevent and treat disease while neglecting biosecurity measures. We identified inappropriate AMU practices (high use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, incorrect dosage or treatment length) and unrestricted access to antibiotics, which encouraged imprudent AMU. Nevertheless, most farmers considered this AMU legitimate to guarantee herd productivity and showed unpreparedness and resistance to changing AMU practices, perceiving limitations (economic, sanitary and inspection) more easily than alternatives to reduce AMU. Agro-industries and foreign markets were mentioned, and internal consumers dismissed as potential motivators for behavioral changes. Importantly, farmers’ economic, technical and social factors may limit their autonomy to change practices. We conclude that the observed distancing of pig farmers from the AMU/AMR problem limits the efficiency of policies aiming for a prudent AMU. Our study indicates a need for education, training and behavior change nudging that should include other stakeholders beyond farmers.

Authors/Creators:Albernaz-Gonçalves, Rita and Olmos Antillón, Gabriela and Hötzel, Maria José
Title:Exploring Farmers’ Reasons for Antibiotic Use and Misuse in Pig Farms in Brazil
Series Name/Journal:Antibiotics
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:10
Article number:331
Number of Pages:18
ISSN:2079-6382
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Agricultural Occupational Health and Safety
Keywords:antimicrobial, AMU, AMR, attitudes, livestock, prudent use of antibiotics, swine
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111231
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111231
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/ANTIBIOTICS10030331
ID Code:22866
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:01 Apr 2021 06:43
Metadata Last Modified:01 Apr 2021 06:51

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