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India’s new coal geography: Coastal transformations, imported fuel and state-business collaboration in the transition to more fossil fuel energy

Oskarsson, Patrik and Nielsen, Kenneth Bo and Lahiri-Dutt, Kuntala and Roy, Brototi (2021). India’s new coal geography: Coastal transformations, imported fuel and state-business collaboration in the transition to more fossil fuel energy. Energy Research & Social Science. 73 , 101903
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Abstract

The advance of renewable energy around the world has kindled hopes that coal-based energy is on the way out. Recent data, however, make it clear that growing coal consumption in India coupled with its continued use in China keeps coal-based energy at 40 percent of the world’s heat and power generation. To address the consolidation of coal-based power in India, this article analyses an energy transition to, rather than away from, carbon-intensive energy over the past two decades. We term this transition India’s new coal geography; the new coal geography comprises new ports and thermal power plants run by private-sector actors along the coastline and fuelled by imported coal. This geography runs parallel to, yet is distinct from, India’s ‘old’ coal geography, which was based on domestic public-sector coal mining and thermal power generation. We understand the development of coastal thermal power as an outcome of long-term electrical energy shortages and significant public controversy within the old coal geography. By analysing the making of the new coal geography at a national level, and scrutinizing its localised manifestation and impact through a case study of Goa state, we outline the significant infrastructural investment and policy work of a dispersed network of public- and private-sector actors that slowly enabled this new coal energy avatar. We argue that the enormous effort to establish India’s new coal geography further entrenches the country’s reliance on coal. The result is that for India, energy security is a choice between domestic and imported coal.

Authors/Creators:Oskarsson, Patrik and Nielsen, Kenneth Bo and Lahiri-Dutt, Kuntala and Roy, Brototi
Title:India’s new coal geography: Coastal transformations, imported fuel and state-business collaboration in the transition to more fossil fuel energy
Series Name/Journal:Energy Research & Social Science
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:73
Article number:101903
Number of Pages:10
ISSN:2214-6296
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Economic Geography
Keywords:resource geography, energy transition, coal energy infrastructure, energy security, India
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111166
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111166
ID Code:22872
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:01 Apr 2021 12:10
Metadata Last Modified:01 Apr 2021 12:11

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