Home About Browse Search
Svenska


The timing of breeding and independence for snow leopard females and their cubs

Johansson, Örjan and Ausilio, Giorgia and Low, Matthew and Lkhagvajav, Purevjav and Weckworth, Byron and Sharma, Koustubh (2021). The timing of breeding and independence for snow leopard females and their cubs. Mammalian Biology. 101 , 173-180
[Research article]

[img] PDF
982kB

Abstract

Significant knowledge gaps persist on snow leopard demography and reproductive behavior. From a GPS-collared population in Mongolia, we estimated the timing of mating, parturition and independence. Based on three mother-cub pairs, we describe the separation phase of the cub from its mother as it gains independence. Snow leopards mated from January-March and gave birth from April-June. Cubs remained with their mother until their second winter (20-22 months of age) when cubs started showing movements away from their mother for days at a time. This initiation of independence appeared to coincide with their mother mating with the territorial male. Two female cubs remained in their mothers' territory for several months after initial separation, whereas the male cub quickly dispersed. By comparing the relationship between body size and age of independence across 11 solitary, medium-to-large felid species, it was clear that snow leopards have a delayed timing of separation compared to other species. We suggest this may be related to their mating behavior and the difficulty of the habitat and prey capture for juvenile snow leopards. Our results, while limited, provide empirical estimates for understanding snow leopard ecology and for parameterizing population models.

Authors/Creators:Johansson, Örjan and Ausilio, Giorgia and Low, Matthew and Lkhagvajav, Purevjav and Weckworth, Byron and Sharma, Koustubh
Title:The timing of breeding and independence for snow leopard females and their cubs
Series Name/Journal:Mammalian Biology
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:101
Page range:173-180
Number of Pages:8
Publisher:SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
ISSN:1616-5047
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Age of independence, Life-history trade-offs, Panthera uncia, Parental care, Pre-dispersal behavior, Separation, Subadult
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-108413
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-108413
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s42991-020-00073-3
Web of Science (WoS)000577058100001
ID Code:22899
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:06 Apr 2021 14:43
Metadata Last Modified:06 Apr 2021 14:51

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits